social psychologists, aggression

According to social psychologists, aggression is a physical or verbal behavior that is intended to harm another person. While we usually think of aggression as purely a physical aspect such as hitting other people, psychologists add the aspect of verbal and intention. In regards to this, for a behavior to be classified as aggression, there has to be an intention of harming another person. That said, the biological factors that make us prone to harm others are genetically-inherited traits, amygdala that increases the tendency to aggression and biochemical such as alcohol among other factors (Savage, 2014). These factors contribute to aggressive behavior in humans. 

Question 2

Perceived lack of control triggers the release of stress hormones that puts an individual’s health at risk. When an individual lack control of issues, he or she inevitably become stressed. When an individual is stressed, the body will release corticosteroid that suppresses the effectiveness of the immune system (Mensah, 2013). The presence of stress hormone in the system reduces the immune system’s ability to fight antigens in the body. Due to lack of defense in the body, an individual is prone to any attack causing health problems. One example of how perceived lack of control can affect health is depression resulting in shock. Another example is that individuals who are stressed are more likely to suffer from ulcers.

Question 3

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that usually affects an individual’s thoughts, feelings, and behavior. An individual suffering from schizophrenia has a problem of distinguishing between what is real and what is unreal (Frith, 2014). It usually changes how an individual thinks or behave. However, despite the impact, schizophrenia can be managed and controlled effectively. The main signs and symptoms of schizophrenia are; hallucinations, delusions, chaotic behavior, unorganized speech and the negative symptoms such as lack of motivation, inability to experience pleasure, social withdrawal, and apathy among others. These symptoms might vary from one individual to another.

Question 4

Psychotherapy is a treatment that involves the use of psychological techniques to treat emotional, behavioral as well as interpersonal challenges. It is linked with the mental aspect of the patient. On the other hand, biomedical therapy is a treatment method that involves the use of medication or medical treatment to treat symptoms linked to psychological disorders. The two therapies are equally effective in treating various disorders (Nevid, 2012). However, psychotherapy is the most effective way of treating psychological disorder because of its ability to handle the symptoms effectively. Psychotherapy does not have any side effect. There is no third option for treating psychological disorder. 

Question 5

Humanistic therapists major on an individual’s current conscious feelings and taking responsibility for their recovery process (Abrams, 2015).  They tend to promote functioning by improving an individual’s awareness of motives as well as possible defense mechanisms. There are various specific goals of humanistic therapy. One goal of the therapy is help a client grow in self-knowledge and acceptance. Another goal is to improve individualized growth initiatives. Another goal is to assist clients in taking responsibility for their own growth. In addition, they also focus on conscious thoughts rather than the unconscious inspirations. The main technique involved in person-centered therapy is a reflection. The technique will display an understanding of the client’s case and show empathy. Asking questions and listening are other techniques used in person-centered therapy.

References

Abrams, B. (2015). Humanistic approaches. Music therapy handbook, 148-160.

Frith, C. D. (2014). The cognitive neuropsychology of schizophrenia. Psychology Press.

Mensah, P. J. N. A. (2013). Stress management and health. Strategic Book Publishing.

Nevid, J. S. (2012). Essentials of Psychology: Concepts and applications. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

Savage, J. (2014). The association between attachment, parental bonds, and physically aggressive and violent behavior: A comprehensive review. Aggression and violent behavior, 19(2), 164-178.