Hermeneutics is the philosophy of understanding and interpretations. The primary philosophical assumptions that inform hermeneutics are a fusion of horizons, dialogue of questions and answers, and hermeneutic circle. These assumptions describe important concepts in promoting knowledge attained through understanding (Koch, 1995). First, in the fusion of horizon assumption involves the shared understanding that happens through conversation and language. The perception is set in Gadamerian contribution to the fusion of horizons, where various analysis of the models is combined through conversations to produce a shared understanding.
The second assumption in supporting Gadamer’s perception involves the use of questions and answers (Walsh, 1996). It is assumed that knowledge is built through a conversation of texts and participation. Based on this, meaning comes through conversation between texts and inquirers. Third, Gadamer used the hermeneutic circle assumption to illustrate the experience of changing dialectically through texts. In a professional setting, an interpreter is part of the circle, constantly shifting between the interpretation of parts of the texts and the interpretation of the whole texts.
There is no place of hermeneutic in the world of empiricists. Hermeneutic is a type of knowledge that involves understanding rather than explanation (Laverty, 2003). It is attained through a combination of feelings, thinking, and willing in the context of continuous experience. On the other hand, empiricists support the idea that the fact that knowledge is based on experience obtained from senses. According to the empiricist, appropriate knowledge is obtained through experience using our senses (Pierre, 2016). In regards to the above definition of the two terms, there is no place of hermeneutic in the world of empiricists. For instance, hermeneutics supports knowledge through understanding, while empiricist supports the attainment of knowledge through experience.
Koch, T. (1995). Interpretive approaches in nursing research: The influence of Husserl and Heidegger. Journal of advanced nursing, 21(5), 827-836.
Laverty, S. M. (2003). Hermeneutic phenomenology and phenomenology: A comparison of historical and methodological considerations. International journal of qualitative methods, 2(3), 21-35.
Pierre, E. A. S. (2016). The long reach of logical positivism/logical empiricism. In Qualitative inquiry through a critical lens (pp. 27-38). Routledge.
Walsh, K. (1996). Philosophical hermeneutics and the project of Hans Georg Gadamer: Implications for nursing research. Nursing Inquiry, 3(4), 231-237.