Family in defines a union of father, mother and children who have been joined by marriage as well as share common interest. The parents, spouses, sisters, brothers, sons and daughters define the immediate family. On the other hand, uncles, aunts, grandparents and the in-laws among others defines the extended family. This article, therefore, seeks to analyses the changes the family institution and their relationship over the last one hundred and fifty years. To achieve its goal, the article will consider various aspects as well as their impacts on adults’ careers and parenting.

Variations in the types of families that are considered acceptable by society.

To begin with, in the seventeenth century there existed of the immediate family of father mother and children that stayed together and were so close to one another with the father regarded as the head of the family as well as the main breadwinner of the family. During these times, the family was respected as a social unit constituted by God. In addition, the women were regarded as the weaker one as well as the worker in the family as the man engaged in superior work and also protected the family from attracts. The marriage was presided over by the elders in the community as the marriage age was as early as adolescent age. The children and the mother had no mind of their own and could take orders from the father.

As time went by to the modern eras to the present time, the family and parenting have experienced major setbacks. The types of family that currently exist is a single parent of a mother and child or father and the child due to many occasion of divorce and hard economic times. The parenting of the current family children has reached a stage where children are left on their own captivated by current technological development. Currently, there are two common types of marriage that are civil and religious marriages.

The timing of major life changes, such as getting married, beginning childbearing and increasing family size.

Up to early eighteenth century, people got married at a young age because schooling was not considered important in some community. The girl child education in some community more so in the African community was not an issue to be discussed as their schooling was like a waste of time as they were only to be married off when the time comes.

At the age of up to twenty-five, the woman could be having up to six children and the size of the families were such a big one due to the availability of food resources. In the modern times, the marriage age has shot up, and some people marry as late as thirty-five years of age. These late marriages are attributed to the current economic status and the girl child education has been on the rise. Women have ventured into the education sector hence leading to few number of children and small families.

Balancing responsibilities in the family and work with leisure, more so for the sandwich generation.

In the past year’s men were regarded to be superior and some work were considered to be men’s work such as most office work as well as other technical work and women to were to be home taking care of children. In the current sandwich generation, both men and women are employed equally in industries as well the women can successfully do the originally considered men’s work.

Men in the current generation, men can do the kitchen work as well as take care of the children as women go to work. This is in nations that working is done in shifts so men can be home and women go to work at the time. Leisure time for the current family is only during the weekend where the family can be together and have a time on their own. Weekdays is left for work and schooling for the children.


Goldscheider, F., Bernhardt, E., & Lappegård, T. (2015). The gender revolution: A framework for understanding changing family and demographic behavior. Population and Development Review, 41(2), 207-239.

Steiner, A. (2015). The Lived Experiences of Sandwich Generation Women and Their Health Behaviours.