With the increase of the number of people and children with access to the internet, there has come a problem of internet addiction. Many young people have mobile phones that are connected to the internet and can access them at any time of day or night. Internet addiction can be defined as the extreme use of the internet that it interferes with someone’s everyday life. Some people may develop attachment to their online virtual friends and they end up being on the internet all day through. The continued stay leads to addiction. There are several factors that lead to internet addiction that will be discussed in this paper. This paper will focus on the reasons for internet addiction. The paper will also try to see if there are any measures that can be taken to prevent or help people who are addicted to the internet. Internet addiction has been termed as a problem too. This paper will use various means to determine whether internet addiction is a real problem or they is nothing to worry about.
They are people who just not happy without the internet. A study conducted by Gunuc S. (2015) reveals that there are people who are very dependent on the internet and they cannot function properly without the internet. People who lead stressful lives might find it difficult to survive without the internet. Stress leads to people being more active using the internet finding solutions to their problems and trying to understand their problems. They also use the internet to help them cope with everyday stress. This means that people who lead stressful lives are bound to use the internet more and most likely become addicted to it. Depression and anxiety are some of the results of stress. According to Weinstein A. (2010), high results of internet addiction might be caused by psychiatric conditions such as depression and anxiety.
Gunuc (2015) notes that people are dependent on the internet tend to be lonely. When someone is lonely, they want somewhere that they will find solace. This place is mostly on the internet where they can find mutual friends who do not know anything about them. They are able to relate with and they end up finding solace in them. Loneliness is therefore a factor that leads to someone being an internet addict. Kuss D. et al., (2014) also notes that loneliness can cause a problematic use of the internet. Their study that consisted of Chinese adolescents showed that most people who have problematic use of the internet have emotional problems. These emotional problems lead to them having a bad social life, which means that they end up not having many physical friends. They end up depending on the internet a place where they can find solace and compassion from probably virtual friends and materials on the internet.
Internet addiction is also assumed to be caused by impulsivity. People who are impulsive tend to use the internet more especially when it comes to internet gaming. Internet gaming can also be said to be a side effect of excessive use of the internet. When one is addicted to internet gaming and gambling, one is bound to make impulsive decisions. Internet gambling can be as much addictive s any other type of gambling. The addiction of the internet is considered impulsive because of the inclination towards spontaneous reactions of outer stimulus.
Internet addiction can lead a variety of negative effects especially to adults. Some of the negative implications include loss of jobs, broken marriages and loss of touch with reality. A person may suffer negative consequences as a result of excessive use of the internet. This leads to the question if there is a possible solution to internet addiction. With the increasing cases of internet addiction there must be something that can be done in order to help those who are already affected with the internet connection disorder. More studies also need to be done to find solutions to these problems.
Kuss et al., (2014) notes that in order to rectify the problem early, effective measures are required in order to help prevent the wide spread effects of problematical internet use and avoid the emotional issues that are connected to them. Some of the things that can be done to people who are addicted to the internet include counseling, use of content control software and therapy. When the content that is available to the internet user is controlled, they only access the information that is important. When one is not able to get access to what they want, they might end up withdrawing from the internet all together. As earlier stated most people are addicted to the internet because of emotional problems. People who are going through emotional problems need counseling. Counseling will make them feel like the load they carry is much lighter and they will not have to depend on the internet to find solace. Therapy and counseling can therefore be important ways that internet addiction can be controlled.
Internet addiction is becoming more prevalent in the current day. it is becoming more of a problem that it was in the days before. More people especially the young people have internet access. They are able to access the internet when they want to without any major problems. With the introduction of smart phones, anything that could only be accessed through the computer can be accessed through the phone. The heights of internet addiction are expected to grow with the growth in technology. Furthermore, people are leading more stressful lives today. stress could lead to loneliness of the individual which in the long run might lead to higher levels of addiction. If preventive measures are taken early enough, internet addiction might be prevented from escalating to higher heights.
Gunuc, S. (2015). Relationships and associations between video game and Internet addictions: Is tolerance a symptom seen in all conditions. Computers in Human Behavior, 49, 517-525. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.03.063
Kuss, D. J., Shorter, G. W., van Rooij, A. J., Griffiths, M. D., & Schoenmakers, T. M. (2014). Assessing internet addiction using the parsimonious internet addiction components model—a preliminary study. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 12(3), 351-366.
Weinstein A, Lejoyeux M. Internet addiction or excessive internet use. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 2010 (in press). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00952990.2010.491880