Introduction – what is home automation, what benefits does it brings.
Home automation involves the ability to control home appliances automatically or through a remote. A group of home appliances does not communicate like programmable switches while others are parts of internet of things, which are networked for data transfers and remote control. Remote control devices ranges from smart phones enabled with Bluetooth, computers connected to the internet through Wi-Fi or communication over power line to hub accessed with a software application (Khan, Khoduskar, & Koli, 2011). Applications include security systems, door locks, blinds, and lighting.
How it helps people
Home automation helps people protect their homes from intruders. Installation of alarms protects home and occupants from being broken into by burglars. Alarm systems alert the authority of any home intrusion.
Protection from fires
Home security systems such as smoke alarms warn owners on the presence of smoke and fire outbreaks .monitored alarm systems installed in homes sense smoke and fires and contact relevant authorities. Heat detectors alert owners and prevent outbreak of fire although they do not contact authority. The devices prevent death and destruction of property (Khan, Khoduskar, & Koli, 2011).
Protection of family from monoxide poisoning
Carbon monoxide is odorless and colorless gas found in combustion fumes released from burning wood, stoves, charcoal among other heating systems. Carbon monoxide detectors are installed in homes to detect presence of carbon monoxide and offer emergency service dispatch, call paramedics who treat symptoms experienced from CO poisoning.
Peace of mind
Automation devices installed in elderly homes offer peace of mind from the knowledge that their homes are protected from worse scenarios such as fire. They monitor home appliances and dispatch required authorities when need be. They offer specific medical situations in case of emergencies.
Protection of valuables
Installed security devices at home protect valuables in homes, which are expensive. Home alarm systems protect theft by alerting the authorities and CCTV cameras in homes catch intruders in their acts. Visual documentation taken by installed cameras at home help identifies criminals. Video footage helps in taking records of stolen items during a burglary (Khan, Khoduskar, & Koli, 2011). .
Security devices track all events and alert emergency personnel when required. Presence of fire alarms, carbon monoxide sensors detect house fires, smoke, drop in temperatures, and natural disasters like flood.
What benefits does it bring?
Home automation systems offers benefits such as saving on insurance costs, utility costs such as electricity, offers greater resale value of home items since they are not damaged. In addition, it stream lines day-to-day living since it only takes a click of a finger to operate most home procedures like lighting homes (Palaniappan et al., 2015) .
Saves money through automatic switching off electricity lights from outside homes. As a result, people stay in safe homes since their doors are locked and CCTV cameras are monitoring all activities at home and keeping records.
What are some future trends of home automation, how will it be achieved
In the future home automation devices will control, monitor, and minimize energy consumption in home appliances. There will be increased use of smart phones, iphones, and wireless android internet tables. Home automation will be passive user interfaces with switches and touch screens paving their way (Lindfors, 2010). Devices will support TCP/IP internet connection, enabling integration of home automation. Users will access the service through PCs and systems integrator.
High quality IP cameras will be in use because of their reliable operation as opposed to low quality consumer IP cameras currently in use. There will be increase of trained and qualified automation specialists to install such devices unlike electrician used today.
What are some potential issues with home automation, what are causes of those issues?
Home automation is best preferred by most people to increase their comfort and improve their lifestyles. However, they can pose a great danger in same homes. Example automating lamps may lead to accidents at home when walking in-home dark hallways or walking down stairs. Financial and health problems arise as people fall and incur severe injuries in dark places away from their automation devices.
Such injuries are caused by lack of adequate knowledge on best devices to install in homes and most efficient ones. Example occupancy sensor switch automatically detects presence of people in a room and turns light accordingly. It senses when there is nobody in the room and turns off the lights. In addition, it has the capability to sense presence of light in the room and will not turn on lights. Apart from issues of accidents at home, electricity bills pose a greater problem in homes whose timers that set light off are set incorrectly. There would be high financial costs on electricity in one home. Analogue timers are most effective in putting off lights.
Hacking is a great issue caused by malicious attackers. Internet connected devices are prone to viral attacks and hackers. Input of passwords is the solution to the problem.
Potential causes of the above problems are stakeholders such as managers and unit developers. They mistakenly believe that regression tests are not important and effective basing their reasons on scope of changes involves. They are most likely to believe that system testing will catch integrated defects introduced and not be confident of introduced changes.
How to avoid potential issues caused by home automation, what are some mitigation strategies
Home automation issues are avoided through conducting various tests. These include unit testing of software modules, integration testing of units in a subsystem, specialty engineering testing on performance, safety, usability robustness among other qualities of systems.
System testing tests internal qualities and handling. System-of-system testing of servers and systems (Firesmith, 2013).
These include offering training and mentorship programs to stakeholders on value and importance of automated regression testing. Sufficient time in automation and testing procedures is important as well as providence of sufficient funding for automated test tools. Offering resources such as schedules and budgets are available during planning, automation and test maintenance (Firesmith, 2013). The tests should be delivered in the software or systems.identifucation of risks and problems early enough avoids further disasters.
Use of tests that are commercially available and regression tests in automation devices reduces chances of failure.
Summarize the whole paper and provide assumption
Home automation devices are installed in homes to ensure safety, offer security in homes, and alert relevant authorities in emergencies. These include alarms, fire and smoke sensors, and carbon monoxide sensors. In addition, there are cameras, footers, and automatic lightings with alarms to alert authorities in case of dangers.
The future of automated homes is bright with the hope of upcoming-trained professionals in installation of automatic devices. Moreover, more devices such as Wi-Fi, TCP/IP protocols, smart phones among other internet connected devices.
Home automation has provided security, safety, peace of mind and reduces costs of insurance. In addition, they reduce time taken in operating home appliances. Despite the above benefits, automated devices at home lead to increased electricity bills, accidents, and injuries due to poor setting of timers and failure to take regular tests on devices. In addition, stakeholder’s ignorance on taking tests and little knowledge on their value increases chances of risks. Mitigation strategies such as conducting training and mentorship programs on users assist in identifying various potential risks.
Most users assume that the devices have no errors. They assume that any electrician can install the devices and fail to look for specialized personnel.
Firesmith, D.(2013). Common testing problems: pitfalls to prevent and mitigate. Software engineering institute, Carnegie mellon university. Retrieved from https://insights.sei.cmu.edu/sei_blog/2013/05/common-testing-problems-pitfalls-to- prevent-and-mitigate-1.html
Khan, S., Khoduskar, A.,& Koli, N.(2011). Home automation system. International journal of advanced engineering technology,2 (2),1-4.
Lindfors, J.(2010). Future trends in home automation. Open remote. Retrieved from http://www.openremote.org/display/docs/Future+Trends+in+Home+Automation
Palaniappan, S., Hariharan, N., Kesh, N., Vidhyalakshimi, S., & Deborah, A.(2015). Home automation systems-A study. international journal of computer applications,11(116), 1-8.