Isaac Newton Biography
Sir Isaac Newton was a British who introduced the law of gravity among other major inventions. The English philosopher was very original and influential in science history (Connor & Robertson, 2016). He invented infinitesimal calculus and theory of color and light. He introduced laws of motion and universal gravitation
Life and character
Isaac Newton was born on January 4th 1643 in Woolsthorpe in Lincolnshire. Despite being fatherless, her mother left him at age three with his grandmother to get married by Barnabas Smith who was a wealthy reactor. His prolonged separation with his parents ran him into trouble with his colleagues often.
He attended schools like King’s school in Grantham for preparation into Trinity College in Cambridge. Though affected by absent-mindedness he was favored by his entrance into Cambridge University where he studied mathematics (infinitesimal calculus). The study founded his theory of color and light. In 1687, he published Principal (Hatch, 2002). By 1667, he managed to be elected as minor fellow in trinity. By 1672 he had had published his first paper on the study about the nature of color. He further studied alchemical which opened new avenues in philosophy. It supported that there are attractions and repulsions at particulate levels.
His future interests in celestial mechanics have roots from his interests in alchemical studies. It later resulted in gravitational force (Famous scientists, 2016). His full realization of gravity came when he observed an apple falling from his garden located at Woolsthorpe. At the time, he began thinking about gravity coming from the moon’s orb. Though his memory was inaccurate, theory of gravity took a gestation period of more than twenty years when it matured. Robert Hook brought it to life whereby through his letters questioning about planetary motion brought a connection between central attraction and a falling force with a square distance. Isaac Newton died on March 31, 1727.
Deception at the heart of VW emissions scandal
There exists a cheating ongoing scandal about Volkswagen emissions, which were geared towards winning back the trust of U.S. consumers. They were unethical from their accusations from German automakers engineers that they programmed a software that would trick regulators to believe that emissions from the vehicles were compliant with U.S environmental Protection Agency. The deception is adding more scandal over emissions from these vehicles and is heavily affecting their sales negatively. Moreover, the scandal may affect more than 11 million cars in the world.
People are blaming byzantine bureaucracy, failure of communication and Detroit automaker is byzantine. GM engineers and lawyers have ignored the defect for over a decade making it largely affect the company (Bomey, 2015). To cover the loss related to emissions scandal, Volkswagen Company indicates that it has set aside 6.5 billion Euros. Moreover, EPA will fine Volkswagen $18 billion because of violating standards of emissions on approximately 482,000 diesel cars in America.
There are apologies from Volkswagen Company and an external investigation has been ordered. Reports indicate that the software makes vehicles emit pollutants that are harmful at 40 times over acceptable standards. The crisis has damaged the reputation of Volkswagen Company making consumers reluctant in its embracement (Staff, 2016). Volkswagen engineers are believed to have gamed the whole system and their dishonesty will land their brand in trouble. It could damage sales of diesel and damage the title and market for Volkswagen customers. Someone may occupy his or her share in the market.
Bomey, N. (2015). Analysis: deception fuels Volkswagen emissions scandal. Retrieved from http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/cars/2015/09/22/analysis-deception-fuels- volkswagen-emissions-scandal/72608782/
Connor, J. & Robertson, E. (2016). Sir Isaac Newton. Retrieved from http://www-history.mcs.st- and.ac.uk/Biographies/Newton.html
Famous scientists. (2016). Isaac Newton. Retrieved from http://www.famousscientists.org/isaac- newton/
Hatch, R. (2002). Sir. Isaac Newton. University of Florida. Retrieved from http://users.clas.ufl.edu/ufhatch/pages/01-courses/current-courses/08sr-newton.htm
Staff, VW. (2016).The Volkswagen emissions scandal (Infographic). Value walk. Retrieved from http://www.valuewalk.com/2016/02/volkswagen-emissions-scandal/