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Guide to Developing the Problem Statement

Guide to Developing the Problem Statement
The problem in a doctoral dissertation is the most critical component of the study. The problem explains the rationale for the study and validates its importance. Below are the steps for writing a problem statement. At the end of this guide, you will have the opportunity to create your own problem statement.
Step 1: Provide Background information
Step 2: State the Problem
Step 3: Provide Scholarly Support for the Problem
Step 4: Highlight the Impact
Sample Problem Statement
Breast cancer and the harsh treatment for the disease affects not only patients but their caretakers. While caring for a breast cancer patient, caregivers face physical and mental challenges while continuing to assume significant caretaking responsibilities. Caregiving often becomes a full-time responsibility which can last for many years. In the instance of a wife with breast cancer, husbands are often the primary caregiver. A majority of care givers report that caregiving is a burden physically, psychologically, economically, socially, and personally (LeSeure & Chongkham-ang, 2015). The problem is male caregivers have a demanding and exhausting caretaking schedule resulting in failure to practice good self-care (LeSeure & Chongkham-ang, 2015). According to Family Caregiving Alliance (2018) many caregivers are aware that their own good health means providing better care for the patient but often feel guilty when choosing themselves first (Family Caregiving Alliance, 2018). As a result of failing to take care of themselves, caregivers often become psychologically and physically ill reducing their ability to care for their ailing spouse (LeSeure & Chongkham-ang, 2015). Gaining male caregivers’ perspectives on barriers preventing good self-care could lead to the development of interventions and resources for male caregivers to begin practicing good self-care.
Breaking it Down Step by Step
Provide Background Information
Briefly introduce the problem to provide context for the reader.
Breast cancer and the harsh treatment for the disease affects not only patients but their caretakers. While caring for a breast cancer patient, caregivers face physical and mental challenges while still assuming caretaking responsibilities. Caregiving often becomes a full-time responsibility which can last for many years. In the instance of a wife with breast cancer, husbands are often the primary caregiver. A majority of care givers report that caregiving is a burden physically, psychologically, economically, socially, and personally (LeSeure & Chongkham-ang, 2015).

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