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To what extent does the doctrine of self-defence in international law apply to states exposed to a cyber attack from another party?

Essay 1: Write a three-page abstract of your research plan, 1/setting out the primary question that you will
address in your research (To what extent does the doctrine of self-defence in international law apply to states
exposed to a cyber attack from another party? )2/your proposed methodological approach, 3/and briefly
outlining the significance of your research to the relevant area of scholarship(International law ). 4/At the end of
the abstract, append a one-page preliminary bibliography for your research project(8 references).
Essay 2: Write a literature review of some of the major academic books or articles relevant to your Dissertation
that critically analyses the arguments made and approaches taken by the authors.
Maximum Length:
Essay 1: 3 pages
Essay 2: 11 pages
Some References:
N. Tsagourias, ‘Cyber-Attacks, Self-Defence and the Problem of Attribution’ (2012) 17 Journal of Conflict and
Security Law 229.
· Y. Dinstein, ‘Computer Network Attacks and Self-Defense’ (2002) 76 International Law Studies 99.
· M. Roscini, Cyber Operations and the Use of Force in International Law (OUP, 2014), particularly Chapter
2.
· M.N. Schmitt (ed), Tallinn Manual 2.0 on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Operations (2nd edn,
Prepared by the International Group of Experts at the Invitation of the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre
of Excellence, CUP, 2017) particularly Part III.
Form of the essay
.
The title will stipulate a maximum number of pages; and these pages must follow prescribed formatting,.
• Text (including quotations) must be in Times New Roman 12 point font.
• Line spacing must be one-and–a–half lines; except that indented quotations may have single line spacing.
• Margins of at least 2 cm must be used at the top and bottom of the page, and 2.5 cm on the right and left sides
of the page.
• Footnotes or endnotes must be included within the specified page allowance; each note must be no smaller than
10 point font and must start on a new line.
• A bibliography may be added: this does not count towards the specified page allowance. No other appendix
may be attached.
•Pages must be numbered and the numbering should be at the bottom of the page. There is no cover page in all
of the articles.
You should know that these are two articles, but on the same topic, where the first consists of 3 pages in which
the research plan is required as required and the number of
references is 8 references
The second article is 11 pages (the number of references is 12 references,)
/Including the 8 references used in the plan.
Research title: To what extent does the doctrine of self-defence in international law apply to states exposed to a
cyber attack from another party?
Where this is the title of the article consisting of 3 pages and the article consisting of 11 pages because they are
the same topic as I talked earlier
Reference writing style is: Oscola
I attached an example to a previous literary article that may be helpful to you
A very important note: As I mentioned earlier, the first article is a three-page research plan, and the number of
references is 8 references. The other article is 11 pages and the number of references is 12 references, including
the 8 references referred to in the research plan. I hope to read the instructions, apply the required and answer
the research question as required, add the page numbers at the bottom and write the search title on the first page
of the plan article and on the first page of the other 11-page article

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