Case study: “Z Town”
X Heights, a once-cutting edge public housing development inhabited primarily by low- income, racialized residents, has become run down over the years. In that time, Y Glades, a neighbouring market-price housing development, introduced middle class homeowners and new small businesses into the area. Moreover, when the city amalgamated the local municipalities a few years ago, X Heights and Y Glades were combined into a single neighbourhood, Z Town. The creation of Z Town enabled the city to cut costs by administering services and resources to the area that could in principal be used by residents of the former X Heights and Y Glades. For its now more diverse residents however, the formation of Z Town created tensions: X Heights residents perceive Y Glades as gentrification, and in Y Glades, residents and business operators are concerned about crime issues they believe to be emanating from X Heights, notably disorderliness related to street-involved people (panhandling, visible drug use), and youth (loitering, public altercations, vandalism); X Heights residents are concerned about these issues as well. Indeed, police presence in Z Town is usually in response to disorder related criminalized activities including panhandling, illicit drug use, loitering, public nuisance, and vandalism. The city now wants to address the particular issues Z Town is facing through one or some crime prevention strategy/ies. Although city administrators are open to any appropriate strategy, including serving the needs or concerns of specific populations in the area, they are unwilling to separate the neighbourhood back into X Heights and Y Glades – in other words, any strategy/ies proposed to prevent crime must approach Z Town as one neighbourhood.
Your assignment is to propose a crime prevention strategy, or combination of strategies, to address the issues faced by the fictitious community in the case study described above. Your essay must consider the following:
• Suitability: How will your initiative respond to the particular concerns and needs of the diverse residents of this area? In other words, what makes your initiative appropriate (e.g., more suitable than other crime prevention methods)? What about the theory/ies underlying your chosen approach/es make it/them suitable?
• Community buy-in: How will you get the various different residents to support and/or participate in your initiative?
• Design: What, exactly, will your initiative include? What will it look like and who will it serve/target?
• Evaluation: How will you measure its effectiveness? What will you define as success?
Your assignment must show engagement with, understanding and creative synthesis of course materials, including theoretical tools (i.e., concepts, theories). You may alter approaches described in course materials provided you explain how your altered version would work.
You are required to use at least 8 readings drawn from any part of the course. You may additionally use your lecture notes, however only readings (i.e., articles and book chapters listed on the syllabus) will count towards the minimum of 8 references required. If you are using course lectures, cite them as follows in your reference list:
Law, T. (2018, Jan 16). History of punishment in Western criminal justice systems [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from York University Punishment 3656 Moodle: https://moodle.yorku.ca/moodle/course/view.php?id=106075
References that are not on the syllabus are not allowed. You may draw inspiration from the lectures but must rely primarily on the course readings and combine them in your own way. This is not a group assignment.
This assignment is to be written in essay format, 8 pages double-spaced in length (hard maximum is 9 pages; page limit is exclusive of bibliography), Times New Roman, 12- point font, with APA referencing for in-text citations and bibliography (following guide posted in course eClass). You must note the page number for all in-text citations, both for direct quotes and paraphrasing. As the purpose of this assignment is to assess your comprehension of the approaches, theories, terms, and issues discussed in the course, block quotes are not recommended; instead, you are encouraged to paraphrase, in order to demonstrate your understanding of the course materials. An assignment without a bibliography and in-text citations is an automatic fail.
Be sure to include the title of your paper, your name and student number at the top of the first page of your essay – a title page is not necessary for this assignment.
This assignment is worth 40% of your mark for the course. You will be graded on the coherence, logic, and appropriateness of your chosen strategy/ies; your adherence to assignment guidelines including APA style; the quality of your analytical engagement (use of theories and concept/s); your creativity and synthesis/understanding of course materials; the quality and clarity of your writing (organization, grammar, spelling).
Case study: “Z Town”