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Assuming Stephane does have a proprietary interest, if the relationship did come to an end, would she be able to prevent Patrick from selling the land?

Stephane owns several houses in Cotton Village. Stephane lives at number 23 Cotton Village with her partner Patrick and their two young children. Patrick bought the house in 2012 and is the sole registered owner of it. Stephane moved in with Patrick in 2014 and after a few years of living together, Patrick told Stephane that “what’s mine is yours.” Stephane spends much of her time looking after her property portfolio and with the money she makes she has been able to pay for a new bathroom and kitchen to be installed at 23 Cotton Village. Stephane is concerned that if her relationship with Patrick ends, she will have no control over what happens to her home.
Please address the following issues (we would advise that you use no more than 1800 words on this section). Please explain your reasoning including reference to statutory material and case law where relevant:
a) What interest in the land, if any, might Stephane be entitled to?
b) Assuming she does have a proprietary interest, how would you advise her to protect it against a potential new purchaser of the land?
c) Assuming Stephane does have a proprietary interest, if the relationship did come to an end, would she be able to prevent Patrick from selling the land?
Problem question Part B (1700 words)
Stephane’s friends, Todd and Sandra, have a young child and were evicted from their council flat as the council needed to demolish the building. As Stephane felt sorry for Todd and Sandra, she said that they could live in one of her houses (5 Cotton Village, a two bedroomed house) for 12 months. Stephane told Todd and Sandra that she “would not charge them rent provided they visited each week to clean her house and look after her garden.” Todd and Sandra moved into the house three months ago and have recently complained to Stephane about a number of issues including that the boiler does not always work, a number of the windows fail to open and that damp is now appearing on the walls of the bedrooms, with some of the plaster falling off as a result. Todd and Sandra checked the document that they signed at Stephane’s request before moving in and notice that it refers throughout to them having a ‘licence’.
Please address the following issues (we would advise that you use no more than 1700 words on this section). Please explain your reasoning including reference to statutory material and case law where relevant:
a) Is the agreement between Stephane and Todd and Sandra a lease or a licence?
b) Assuming it is a lease, is Stephane under an obligation to deal with all or any of the following issues:
i. the boiler,
ii. the windows, and/or
iii. the damaged plasterwork.
c) Todd and Sandra are worried that Stephane is going to throw them out of the house. Assuming it is a lease, advise Todd and Sandra on whether Stephane can evict them at short notice.
Problem question Part C (1500 words)
Stephane’s brother Sebastien lives at number 15 Cotton Village with his partner Mark. Sebastien and Mark bought the house in 2016 with the aid of a mortgage from PABC Bank. Unfortunately, Sebastien has recently experienced health issues that have affected his ability to work and this has led to him falling behind with the monthly mortgage payments. Mark is a housemaker and so does not earn a wage. The couple have now missed the last four mortgage payments and have received a letter from the Bank which states that it intends to ‘invoke immediately its rights and remedies’.
Please address the following issues (we would advise that you use no more than 1500 words on this section). Please explain your reasoning including reference to statutory material and case law where relevant:
a) What steps should PABC Bank take before seeking to enforce any of its legal rights and remedies?
b) In brief, what legal rights and remedies does PABC Bank have and which of those are the Bank most likely to pursue and in which order?
c) If the Bank chooses to seek possession of the house, what is the likelihood of that claim proving successful?

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