Provide some background information about the client and his/her condition/disease. (done
A 16 year old girl has been diagnosed with ‘Atopic Dermatitis’ also known as Eczema. She was first diagnosed with eczema when she was just a child and overtime gradually disappeared until recently. Over time the eczema began to decrease until recently, she had a major flare up of eczema. Her family has a history of asthma which she recently has come to find out is also to the cause of her allergies acting up and for her eczema to be developing so rapidly. Her condition seems to be inflamed around the inside of her elbows showing to be very dry and cracked. She undergone a full body diagnosis and because of the symptoms and history, it’s been confirmed she has Atopic Dermatitis. The condition has taken a dramatic toll on her life causing her to miss out on a lot of school days and her day to day activities putting her in a lot of distress triggering her eczema to flare up. Eczema is a very common recurring skin disorder. Generally, it first shows in young children and babies. Some people do tend to outgrow this condition, although for others not so much. It becomes inflamed, itchy, often infected skin and affecting the persons daily activities, sleep, school and work. Atopic Dermatitis involves an allergist or dermatologist, together their collaboration and consultation between these specialists meet similar multidisciplinary approaches (LeBovidge et al., 2016).
Define each discipline in its own paragraph. What is it? How is it used to treat clients? (done)
Approximately 10% to 20% of infants and children have eczema. Of those, 40% to 80% have evidence of atopy/allergy. In order, to find out what is triggering the patient’s eczema the allergist will go over the genetics, environmental changes, diet and immune response (Brown-Whitehorn, 2013). Allergists are physicians who have completed specialised training in allergy and immunology to be able to specifically design clinical and diagnostic skills for all many types of diseases/conditions and by performing physical examinations. They design local care, supplying care for their patient’s with allergic diseases. When other health care professionals do not seem to understand the patient’s condition, this is when an allergist steps up to identify the disease (Del Giacco et al., 2007). (NEED TO PARAPHRASE THIS Although many young children will tend to “outgrow” their symptoms as they become older, as many as 90% of teenagers with moderately severe atopic dermatitis will continue to have chronic problems with atopic dermatitis the rest of their lives. indeed, 80% of AD patients will have a strong family history of allergic disease. There are many minor and major characteristics underlining the key factors of eczema and the major and minor characteristic that related to the patient was her family history or asthma/ allergies and her scaly dry inflamed skin. Due to her symptoms checking off with the criteria, she can undergo a full diagnosis (Charlesworth, 1999). Allergist-immunologists and many other specialist work together to create treatment plans based on each individual (LeBovidge et al., 2016).
Dermatologists are physicians with a specific skill set that help diagnose what other physicians cannot, by supplying treatment for skin diseases such as acne, psoriasis, warts, skin infections, and skin cancers (Barber, 2019). Dermatologists were always suspicious of the cause of eczema for many years, they figured out that this condition was because of a barrier problem in the skin. Researchers discovered a theory that a defect in the epidermal barrier is the cause of atopic dermatitis allowing irritants such microbes and allergens to pass through the skin causing adverse reactions. In other words, patient’s with eczema must stay away from any lotions, soaps or any type of fragrances that aggravate the skin as it will pass through the skin barrier causing inflammation, irritation or itching (Burfeind, 2008). The dermatologist the patient is assigned with will complete a skin exam and by doing that they will ask questions about health, family background and all the symptoms being experienced. They will complete a skin biopsy at the time of your appointment which is quick and painless, helping the dermatologist supply the patient with the best treatment. The treatment plan will consist of delivering the best skin care what to avoid and start investing in, trigger management which will help with day to day activities and the best medication for the skin to keep the skin barrier clear of any infections that can get in. By implementing these into the patient’s regime and seeing what works and what doesn’t they are most likely to see results soon (American Academy of Dermatology, 2020). Group sessions are occasionally put together to encourage “positive peer pressure’’, by involving a Dermatologist it endorses development of skin care plans based on each individual/ family concern (LeBovidge et al., 2016).
A Naturopathy is another multidisciplinary way of using a natural healing approach and implementing it into diet and lifestyle changes such as dietary supplements, herbs, exercise, massage, iridology, acupuncture, hair analysis and homeopathy. Each practitioner selects a plan that works well with their practice and patient. They are not only about contributing basic practical approaches to the management of disease, but a solid theoretical approach which will lead to an essential and suitable medical care and by doing so this will pursue a new efficient framework for the future of medicine. Dorland defines Naturopathy as “a drugless system of therapy, making use of physical forces such as air, light, water, heat, message, etc (Sanadhya et al., 2013). Naturopathic medicine is a primary health care system that combines scientific skills with natural and traditional medicine. Symptoms of a disease/ condition are signs that your body isn’t in the right functioning state, so the naturopathic system helps vitalize the body helping it to heal and evaluate the cause of the disease/ condition. Each individual patient undergoes an analysis of their physiological, structural, psychological, social, mental, environment and lifestyle factors and once complete is assigned specific treatments for their need. Natural concepts are prescribed to the patient in order to change diet and lifestyle changes which include botanical medicine, clinical nutrition, hydrotherapy, homeopathy, naturopathic manipulation and acupuncture (Pratt, 2013). Herbal medicine was indeed proven to have useful outcomes in any skin condition cases, by controlling the nervous system function with good sleep, emotional health and managing the digestive tract function with less bloating (Gerontakos & Casteleijn, 2018).
Discuss why it is desirable to have different health care disciplines, as opposed to just one type of treatment for all conditions. (done)
Different health professionals form a healthcare team in order to provide various treatments for a health condition/illness (Fewster-Thuente & Velsor-Friedrich, 2008)
For instance, an individual with back pain will see a general practitioner (GP) which is usually a patient’s first point of contact. The GP may prescribe the patient with painkillers but may want to further investigate the underlying cause by sending the patient to do medical scans and blood tests. Depending on the results the GP will give the patient a referral to see a physiotherapist to help manage the pain. The physiotherapist can treat the area but may notice an additional problem that they can’t treat so they suggest the patient to return to the GP for a referral to a chronic pain specialist (CPS) A CPS will diagnose the issue and provide intensive back pain management using specific techniques i.e. nerve/joint blocks, spinal cord stimulation etc. If the specialist sees that it might require surgery either the CPS or a GP is able to provide the patient with a referral to see a neurosurgeon/ spine surgeon and may suggest they undergo surgery. In the case of ‘Atopic Dermatitis’ this condition is an allergy/ genetic disease, to understand this they would need to see an Allergist first to help treat the allergies, get control of the triggers causing it and supply the patient with allergy related creams and assess the type of allergies running in the family. Secondly, a Dermatologist will assess the condition the patient has pinpointing the type of disease it is by taking skin tests and then recommending specific skin care products to help decrease the issue. Thirdly, the most important way to really identify the issue within our bodies is understanding them first, a Naturopathy helps supply natural medicine helping the condition by taking care of the insides of our bodies. It’s important to have an interdisciplinary team involving different health professionals as they are able to assess, diagnose, intervene and set goals by conducting a health care plan. A patient with one condition could need several approaches to treating all the underlying causes and ensuring it is managed (Jessup, 2007).
Discuss the potential difficulties that may arise when a client is being treated from three different perspectives. (not done)
Discuss the potential benefits when a client is being treated from three different perspectives. (not done)
Conclusion (need to add more)
Multidisciplinary collaboration means a team consisting of members with different professional backgrounds and skills that can compensate each other and work together toward the same direction to achieve the same goals (Tang & Hsiao, 2013).
By adding all these remedies to one another the patient will acieve 100% results and see change in the condition quite quickly.
Provide some background information about the client and his/her condition/disease. (done