Is oil the main obstacle to democracy in the Middle East ? (this is for a political economy MA module )

Topic : Is oil the main obstacle to democracy in the Middle East ? (this is for a political economy MA module )
Thesis : This essay argues that although oil is not the sole factor that contributes to the weak state of democratization in the Middle East, it is indeed the biggest obstacle to democracy in most countries; especially when combined with international influences in the region (You can write this in a better way)
Words: 4500
Theoretical Frameworks to use:
The Rentier State theory ( you can use this reference for help : Beblawi, H., & Luciani, G. (Eds.). (2015). The rentier state. Routledge.)
Autocratic Linkage ( you can use this reference for help : Tansey, O., Koehler, K., & Schmotz, A. (2017). Ties to the rest: Autocratic linkages and regime survival. Comparative Political Studies50(9), 1221-1254.)
Autocratic Cooperation ( you can use this reference for help: Odinius, Kuntz 2015. The limits of authoritarian solidarity: The Gulf monarchies and preserving authoritarian rule during the Arab Spring, European Journal of Political Research.)
Structure :
Introduction:
Around 450 words, introduce the topic + why it is important to answer this question + very brief discussion on theoretical frameworks, mention that the three main case studies will be Kuwait (which represents a resource rich country with a small population), Saudi Arabia (represents a resource rich country with a large population/land) and Jordan and Egypt (countries with limited resources)
Main body : around 3600 words
Oil- linked factors affecting democracy: here focus on factors related to oil that affects democracy, for example mention the rentier state theory, look at references below for help (but please feel free to use any other resources), focus on Kuwait and Saudi Arabia as example when making certain points, talk about class formation in relation to oil in these countries
Andersen, Jørgen J., and Michael Lewin Ross. 2014. The Big Oil Change: A Closer Look at the Haber-Menaldo Analysis. Comparative Political Studies 47:993–1021.
Yom, S. 2011. Oil, Coalitions, and Regime Durability: the Origins and Persistence of Popular Rentierism in Kuwait. Studies in Comparative International Development, 46(2), 217–241.
Smith 2006. “The Wrong Kind of Crisis: Why Oil Booms and Busts Rarely Lead to Authoritarian Breakdown,” Studies in Comparative International Development 40, pp. 55-76.
Ross, M.L., 2001. Does oil hinder democracy?. World politics, pp.325-361.
Sandbakken, C. 2006. “The limits to democracy posed by oil rentier states: The cases of Algeria, Nigeria and Libya’, Democratization, 13: 1, 135-152.
Mitchell, T., 2011. Carbon democracy: Political power in the age of oil. Verso Books.
Perlini, C., 2015. Democracy in the Middle East: External Strategies and Domestic Politics. International Relations Insight and Analysis Report, (10), p.32.
Hamid, S. (2011). The struggle for Middle East democracy. Cairo Review of Global Affairs23.
Hinnebusch, R. (2006). Authoritarian persistence, democratization theory and the Middle East: An overview and critique. Democratization13(3), 373-395.

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