Many parts of the globe have experienced war at some point in time, be it civil, concurrent, corporate, and ethnic, guerrilla, and wars of independence, invasions, religion base wars and wars of succession. Arguably, war has both positive and negative impacts as well which are either short or long term. This brings about debate on the issue whether war is really necessary for the human society. One thing is for certain that, no matter how many arguments are raised in support of these wars; the negatives will always surpass the positives as the evolution that comes about through war is not worth the many lives lost, destructions and destabilization of both national and international peace, economy and social fabric. Many arguments in favour of war are just excuses as to why leaders should rage wars for personal gains at the expense of their subjects. The Among the key points as to why war might not be necessary are based on human beings; right to live, control of resources, solve conflicts and have faith in what they believe in (Montalvo & Reynal 807).
Societies that have been hard hit by armed conflicts pay a huge toll due to the loss of many human lives. These communities also disintegrate in many social, political and economic aspects. For instance, since the fall of the Berlin Wall, an estimate of more than four million people has been killed in violent conflicts .Further, children and women particularly suffer very many atrocities in wars and conflicts. In the last decade, an estimate of up to two millions of those killed in wars and conflicts are said to be children. Those seriously injured or permanently disabled has been three times as many. Many of them have been maimed in landmines with millions other psychologically scared by the violence. Due to the countless being coerced to witness or even pay a role in violence acts that are horrifying, there has been widespread trauma and insecurity. This future generation no longer has faith in its country or peers who subjected them to such harsh conditions (Montalvo & Reynal, 809).
Further, wars and conflicts extensive stress both psychologically and emotionally that is linked with attack and loss of friends and family, destruction of home and community and separation from family and friends. Many children later develop problems which include f, social isolation, flashbacks, increased aggression, future orientation that is diminished and depression. These mental and psychological problems persist even long the war has ceased, thus making it difficult for children who may form half of the population to benefit fully from education or play part in post-conflict reconstruction , hence hindering or obstructing any conflict resolution efforts in future ( Montalvo & Reynal 799).
Another ruthless weapon of war s sexual violence as warring parties resort to sexual slavery and rape of women with an aim of intimidating, humiliating and terrorizing one another. This was witnessed in the recent conflicts in Rwanda and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Millions of children also suffer from disease and starvation due to war. There are high cases of malnutrition, death and diseases among young children which are attributed to war tactics that disrupt food supplies’ production and distribution. Displacement is also another effect of war as people are detached from their families and displaced by the stronger or superior party. This leads to the plight of refugees further making it a great challenge to control resources that they own or once owned (Montalvo & Reynal 814).
From the above it is evident that the net effect of war is to interfere with the peaceful, joyful land and destroys it, like in the case of atomic bomb in Japan. Landmines in many countries that are war-torn, including Croatia, Cambodia and Afghanistan have claimed one million people.
Montalvo, J.,& Reynal, Querol, M.. “Ethnic Polarization, Potential Conflict, and
Civil Wars.” American Economic Review 95(3): 2005: Pp. 796-816. Print.