An assessment on how the female Leontopithecus roaslia shows stress behaviours in certain areas of the enclosure due to close proximity of neighbouring enclosures at Bristol Zoo Gardens

Outline of Project:

• Throughout this research project, I will understand why the female golden lion tamarin is stressed and discuss the indicating factors that could be causing this.
• If she is stressed, would this mean taking further action and moving her out of the enclosure, or the whole social group, or moving the neighbouring group away from her.
• To learn if there are other indicating factors that could be affecting the behaviour of the female, or the whole social group. Such as, a specific individual in the group, the enrichment within the enclosure or feeding times etc.

Hypotheses and predictions

• Space will not be even across enclosure
• examples of stress behaviours will not be more frequent in the zone closest to the neighbouring group.
Achievable Objectives (with timescale)

• I am going to carry out a data collection of a focal follow with instantaneous data carried out on the one specific female tamarin.
• I will be developing an enclosure layout and map, to further understand the proximity the enclosure is to the neighbouring group.
• I will be carrying out a data collection for 15 hours on four separate days. However, these will all be done on the same day of the week and time.
• I will do further research into golden lion tamarins on stress factors in the wild. As well as seeing if having a baby is a factor of this, due to the newborn twins.
• I will also acknowledge things in the enclosure that could be an indication of why she is spending more time in this area of the enclosure. E.g. Due to higher trees, with more shrubbery and warmer spaces within the enclosure.
Methods (include information on any procedures involved; if necessary, use extra sheet)

• I will be carrying out a focal follow with instantaneous data. I will be recording the female individual every 10 seconds and recording what behaviours she does. This will allow me to collect concise detail on the one individual.
• I will also be carrying out behaviour sampling to record when the female golden lion tailed tamarin is showing stressed behaviours. I will be creating a detailed ethogram, to identify these specific behaviours.
• To understand why the female macaque could be spending more time in one part of the enclosure, I will carry out a spread of participation index. It will be followed by a chi squared test, so I will be able to know which zones of the enclosure are more frequently used and see if my observed data fits the pattern I expected.
• The data recorded, will be done for 15 hours of a period of 4 weeks (each Wednesday). There may be indicating factors, such as the weather, feeding times, that could affect the results. However, doing the collection on the same day and time should allow for my data to be reliable and repeatable.

Does the research require a Home Office, English Nature or equivalent licence?  Yes  No
If yes, give details:
Has the project the support of an EEP or group such as the BIAZA Research Committee
If yes – please supply evidence, letter of support?  Yes  No

Has ethical approval been obtained from an institutional Ethical Review Process?  Yes  No
If yes, give details including date:
What is the impact of the research? (Impact is defined as the effects that the research has beyond academia, e.g. how it contributes to, benefits and influences society, culture, the environment and the economy. This includes potential benefits to captive husbandry/breeding, conservation, animal welfare.)

Will this work lead to publications?  Yes  No
Which journals? (e.g. Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research, Zoo Biology, etc.)

Proposed start date:Expected Duration:
Equipment required from Bristol Zoological Society:

Facilities (include access to Bristol Zoo or Wild Place):

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