FROM BUSINESS TO FULL TIME PHILANTHROPY – exploring the founding leaders’ leadership journey from personal and organizational point of view A case study: Bill Gates – from Microsoft to Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

FROM BUSINESS TO FULL TIME PHILANTHROPY – exploring the founding leaders’ leadership journey from personal and organizational point of view
A case study: Bill Gates – from Microsoft to Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Reseach proposal shoul include:
INTRODUCTION
1.1 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
1.2 CONTEXT OF THE STUDY
1.3 PROBLEM STATEMENT
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
1.5 DEFINITION OF TERMS

  1. LITERATURE REVIEW
    2.1 DEFINITION OF TOPIC OR BACKGROUND DISCUSSION.
    2.2. HYPOTHESIS 1 OR PROPOSITION 1 OR RESEARCH QUESTION 1
    2.3 HYPOTHESIS 2 OR PROPOSITION 2 OR RESEARCH QUESTION 2
    2.4. HYPOTHESIS 3 OR PROPOSITION 3 OR RESEARCH QUESTION 3
    2.5. HYPOTHESIS 4 OR PROPOSITION 4OR RESEARCH QUESTION 4
  2. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 13
    3.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY & DESIGN 13
    3.2. POPULATION AND SAMPLE 14
    3.2.1 POPULATION 14
    3.2.2 SAMPLE AND SAMPLING METHOD 14
    3.3 RESEARCH INSTRUMENT AND DATA COLLECTION 14
    3.4 DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION 16
    3.5 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY 17
  3. REFERENCES 19
    1 INTRODUCTION
    1.1 Purpose of the study
    The purpose of this study is to explore the leadership journey of founding leaders in transition from working in business to working in philanthropy.
    We are witnessing a moment in history, when successful people, who have reached wealthiness, which is way beyond their personal needs, decide to change their career and start their own philanthropy and change from profit to non-profit.
    This study will observe, what happens to founding leaders when they leave company and start their own philanthropical organisation.
    Based on a unique case of Bill Gates, we will try to understand leadership change – both, personal and organisational, so we will explore to what extend they change as individuals (on micro level we will focus on values, motivation, drivers, leadership style) and how differently they influence with their leadership organization, comparing company to philanthropy (on mezzo level the main focus will be on company culture).
    1.2 Context of the study
    Inequality is becoming one of the biggest issues of today society.
    Philanthropy is growing and more people are starting their own philanthropic organisations.
    With globalisation, businesspeople got opportunity to make businesses bigger compares to some states.
    Leadership has more responsibilities than ever. Both, businesses in profit and non-profit sectors are aware of the world’s issues and the big question: How can we solve them?
    There is a difference between leadership in profit and non-profit organization. Can one learn something from the other? We have cases, when leaders are changing from non-profit organisation to profit. And there are more and more those, who change their path and understand that with only cumulating wealth, they will not contribute their best to the future.
    We have witnessed the new paradigm that companies are not their only to create profit, new concepts of Corporate Social Responsibility have appeared.
    Many of top business owners are clear – the way capitalism is, it will not survive.
    Some of high-income individuals have decided that beside running a business, they have started philanthropic activities. Some of them, like our example, Bill Gates, had idea to transfer also his full time to philanthropy.
    These transitions are relatively new, but the change is big. There are not many studies, which are dealing with leadership transition in those cases, where founding leaders are leaving the business and focus their life completely on philanthropy. There are many cases in the past, where wealthy business people have started philantrophy, gave money and dedicated part time to it. On the other hand, because of the needs, this will become more and more the case and it will be important to understand the leadership journey from business to philanthropy.
    The transformation happens both, in personal level as well as on organisational and this study will explore some of the elements of the leadership journey and look for the question to what extend leaders change and how they influence the change to organization on their journey from business to philanthropy.
    1.3 Problem statement
    The main problem of this research is to explore the transition of founding leaders from business to philanthropy and to understand how leaders change personally and how they influence organizational change when comparing their leadership in business and their leadership in philanthropy.
    The objective of this research is therefore to explore personal change of leaders from business to philanthropy in fields of values, motivation, drivers and leadership style and to what extend they change organisation from organizational culture point of view.
    The research will study one of the cases where founding leaders decided to change careers from profit to non-profit, which will offer the opportunity to explore what is happening on this leadership journey.
    1.4 Significance of the study
    The study will try to fill a gap in understanding the leadership in profit and non-profit. It will provide guidance to businesspeople who are leaving the business and focus their live to philanthropic activities. And it will observe the changes in founding leader from both, personal perspective (individual, micro level – values, drivers, motivations, style) and their influence on organization (mezzo level – company culture).
    Study will offer a unique case, where founding leader had a vision to work in philanthropy after success in the business.
    1.5 Delimitations of the study
    There are many cases and ways how people help and how they get involved in philanthropic work. In this case focus will be on the businesspeople. It will only study one case, unique in a sense that founding leaders decided to build business, to sell it and create enough resources to fully work in philanthropic activates only. There might be difference between my case and in those, who are running both, business and philanthropy. There is possible difference in those who were born in families, who had philanthropic organizations as part of their historical operation (like Tata) and those who have decided to make a change in the world during their success in business but stays in business and not work in philanthropy full time. I will not include those cases in my research.
    Leadership journey and changes are complex issues and it is difficult to study all segments. In this study the focus will be only to micro level and even in this only in values, drivers, motivation and leadership style and mezzo level where I will focus on company culture.
    1.6 Definition of terms
    Following definitions (some of them) need to be found:
    Founding leader
    Philanthropy
    Full time Philanthropy
    Inequality
    Profit and non-profit leadership
    Leadership – theories (responsible, social justice, servant, authentic, relational), styles
    Leadership change (values, drivers, motivations), micro and mezzo level
    Corporate Social Responsibility
    Founding leaders vs. founders
    Narrative case study
    1.7 Assumptions
    My assumption is that founding leaders will share their experience openly and will not ask to anonymise this case.
    As it is a new and unique case, I assume that I will be able to fit my work in leadership theory.

LITERATURE REVIEW
Following literature review topic should be screened:
INDIVIDUALS
What makes individuals happy
Why individuals help

ORGANIZATIONS
What kind of organizations we have (gov-non gov, public-private, profit-non profit)
FOKUS TO BUSINESS INSIDE ORGANIZATIONS
Business development through history
New type – entrepreneurship
Why people start their own business
Business doing good – CSR

LEADERSHIP
Who is leader?
Leadership theory (at least responsible, social justice, servant, authentic, relational)
What kind of leadership we know – styles
Founding leaders vs. founders vs. leaders
Micro level of leadership (values, drivers, motivations…)
Psychological biography

ORGANIZATION AND LEADERSHIP
How leaders influence organizations
How organization influence leaders
Organizational change
Company culture

LEADERSHIP TRANSITION
Leading organisations any difference in leading non profit, profit?
Transitions – inside organization (higer-lower, non management-managment), non gov to gov (and vice versa), employed – self employed (enterreneurship), profit – non profit

PHILANTROPHY
What is it
Historical development
Leadership in philanthropy

New phenomena – FULL TIME PHILANTROPHY
Giving money or/and giving time
New philanthropy – as described by Handy
Leadership transition – from business to philanthropy (being successful, giving money but still continue business)
Leadership transition – from business to full time philanthropy – info about Bill Gates and some other

1.7.1 Research Question 1
To what extend founding leaders change their values, drivers, motivation and leadership style, when they leave business and start working in full time philanthropy.
1.7.2 Research Question 2
To what extend founding leaders change company culture when they leave business and start working in full time philanthropy.
2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY & DESIGN
Research approach will be qualitative based on narrative case study. Within the qualitative research design, I will use in depth case study, which will be based on interviews and secondary data analyses.
Detailed research design will be made after literature review, the main substance will be interviews, coding and analyses of Bill Gates from their business case to their full-time philanthropy
2.1.1 Population
Population of the study will be Bill Gates, who had a vision to work in philanthropy.
I will include also those people, who had opportunity to work with him in business as well as in philanthropy. I expect to get at least 5 interviewers, including Melinda, who have worked with him in business and are working with them in foundation.
2.1.2 Sample and sampling method
Bill Gates with Melinda, who are both, business and private partners, founding leaders of full time philanthropy will be my sample.
Individuals, who worked with them both, business and philanthophy.
Data will be collected during few rounds of interviews, which will be transcript and coded.

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