Transition into Adulthood

The transition to adulthood varies depending on cultural traditions and rites of passage. The rites of passage are experienced more during a child’s transition into adulthood. It is described as a shift from one point of life to another, and an individual is considered an adult and is given more responsibilities. Cultural traditions and rites of passage play a significant role in the socialization process, demarking an individual’s development and personal relationships (Garwood, 2011). For instance, marriage is a rite of passage that is commonly practiced in all communities globally. The paper will address different types of rites of passage, pluralism and assimilation, attachment styles, and types of attraction.

Rites of passage

Every culture has its ritual ceremonies that mark the shift from one stage to another. These rituals are known as the rites of passage, and they vary from one community or culture to another depending on their traditions and values (Garwood, 2011). The indigenous communities like those that are found in Australia and Africa. First, one of the rites of passage is circumcision that is performed on boys. Once a boy goes through circumcision, he is considered a mature person. Also, the person can be involved in activities within the community and even marry. Circumcision is among the essential rites of passage that is highly practiced in indigenous communities.

Second, another rite of passage that is commonly practiced in most communities globally is marriage. During this period, a woman is separated from unmarried women while a man is separated from unmarried men. The female is called a bride whereas a male is called a bridegroom as they prepare for a wedding. After the wedding or any celebration, the two are allowed to leave their parents and start a family. The marriage marks a stage where an individual becomes integrated into society as a mature person.

The concept of pluralism and assimilation

Pluralism is a situation where groups in various societies maintain their identities. These groups maintain the uniqueness of their values and cultures with the primary goal of being accepted by other communities regardless of size. In other words, pluralism is where a given society agree to the existence of small cultures (Bernstein, 2015).  A pluralistic society is where groups remain separate or distinct while their cultures and social variations persistent over time. It means that all the cultures keep their different values. In this, the rites of passage of individuals are maintained, and it depends on the group.

Assimilation is a situation where a more dominant group absorbs other groups irrespective of their different culture. It is also described as a process the previously distinct and separate groups come together to share one culture and come together socially (Gordon, 2015). In this process, a dominant group takes charge by dictating a major part of the values and cultures that governs the whole group. Though the groups originate from diverse cultural backgrounds and settings, they usually agree to share similar cultural values.  As society goes through assimilation, an individual group stand a chance of adopting the rites of passage of the dominant group. With this, smaller groups tend to lose their rites of passage.

Different attachment styles

The attachment styles affect how we choose our friends as well as the progress of the relationship. The sequence assists an individual in understanding the strengths and weaknesses of the relationship. The four main attachment styles are; secure, dismissive, fearful, and anxious. First, a secure attachment style is where people perceive their relationship to be positive, and they are comfortable with it. In this style, the individuals are not worried about their partners being with others because of the level of independence and trust. Second, an anxious attachment style is where an individual requires their partners to be emotionally connected, and they feel frustrated if there is no response. These people typically display emotions on high levels.

Third, dismissive attachment style is where people allow their partners to be close to one another without any emotional attachment. The individuals in this style usually hide their emotions as well as feeling. Moreover, they are not prepared to withstand any rejection hence distancing their partners to avoid a possible emotional connection. Fourth, fearful attachment style is where people are afraid of being into a relationship due to their past experiences such as break-ups.

I think a secure attachment style is the most effective in forming lasting relationships. The style is the most effective because of complete trust and independence among the partners. The partners are always comfortable in or off the presence of the other. The partners are free to interact with other people without the other feeling insecure.

Different types of attraction

Attraction is defined as a feeling than an individual feels towards another person resulting in a strong friendship or romantic relationship. The different types of attractions are; physical attraction, emotional attraction, sexual attraction, and aesthetic relationship. First, physical attraction represents the impression formed through the physical appearance of an individual, such as general body appearance that can be described as being beautiful or handsome (Little, 2014). Second, sexual attraction is where an individual feels attracted to another to achieve their sexual desire and not primarily for having any emotional connection. 

Third, an aesthetic attraction is neither emotional nor sexual. It involves appreciating a person’s general body. The attraction is based on the way an individual presents himself or herself like art or design. It is right to admire or being attracted to an individual based on the way they look without leading to a romantic or sexual adventure. Fourth, the emotional attraction is an attraction that is based on personality as opposed to physical appearance. It is where the feelings towards another person develop, and the attitude towards them also grows.

I feel like the most effective attraction in establishing a long-lasting relationship is an emotional attraction. In this attraction, the partners are attracted to each other emotionally, and there will be an overall concern of one another without anticipating any reward. Also, it is an attraction that is mostly based on personality, which is an important aspect of building a strong relationship.

In conclusion, there exist different factors that make up a society. The rites of passage play an important role in the socialization process. It is greatly influenced through the assimilation process where larger groups capture the cultures of smaller groups. Besides, among the different attachment styles, a secure attachment is more important for creating a long-lasting relationship compared to others because of the degree of independence. Emotional attraction is also the most effective compared to other attraction styles.

References

Bernstein, R. J. (2015). Cultural pluralism. Philosophy & Social Criticism, 41(4-5), 347-356.

Gordon, M. M. (2015). The nature of assimilation. In incorporating diversity (pp. 103-118). Routledge.

Garwood, P. (2011). Rites of passage. Oxford handbook of the archaeology of ritual and religion, Oxford, 261-84.

Little, A. C. (2014). Facial attractiveness. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 5(6), 621-634.

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