Social welfare policy is kind of a social and policy policies that provide direction for social services and most income security programs. A social policy a plan developed by the government to make living conditions that are conducive for the wellbeing and health of citizens. On the other hand, public policy is a plan of action that governments develop in responding to certain issues. Among the aims of social welfare policy is income redistribution to reduce the number of people living under poverty, and improving life quality for individuals in society (Barusch, 2017). The government plays an important role in social welfare policy. At the federal level, the three branches of government play various roles in establishing social welfare policy.
The legislative branch takes the role of passing laws. Before roles are passed, social problems are identified, as well as potential solutions. The policies that can address the problems are identified after which the process of passing proposed bills starts. The focus is on what is required to provide citizens with opportunities and resources for leading a productive and satisfying life (Barusch, 2017). The executive branch takes the role of issuing executive orders and regulations which determine how the passed laws are implemented. The executive also guides how social welfare policy is implemented. The role of the judicial policy is giving opinions which interpret the created law. For instance, the branch has helped in reducing barriers to efforts of establishing federal programs. As a result, acts such as Social Security and Child Labor have successfully been defended against promoting the development of social welfare policy. The branch also creates a case law body which constitutes social policy. The three branches of government thus, play an important role in social welfare policy (Barusch, 2017).
Clearly, the government plays an important role in the development and implementation of social welfare policy. Every government level, local, state, and federal, and every government branch plays an import role in social welfare policy. The role of the government is improving life quality for its citizen. This is why the government does everything possible to better its country. Fulfilling its role in social welfare policy is one of the government’s priorities (Barusch, 2017). By executing these roles the government is able to guarantee its every, men, women, children, poor, rich, and even disabled, a basic living standard.
One of the roles of social workers is promoting social justice. So, what is social justice? There are various views when it comes to defining social justice. Although all views identify the importance of social justice in promoting the welfare of human beings, they take different approaches. They, however, agree that social justice is all about fairness. From a modern approach, a society that practices social justice is one that distributes resources in an equitable manner (Barusch, 2017). In this society, every person is psychologically and physically secure and safe. Such a society has people who are able to interact with others democratically and at the same time be able to develop their full abilities. In a just society, the society owns the experiences of their individual members. Such a society doesn’t have injustice.
According to social work writings, social injustice is brought by oppression and inequality. Social workers are expected to eliminate such conditions to restore justice in society (Barusch, 2017). From a postmodern viewpoint, a just society is one that allocates fairly group membership rewards and costs. Among the components of social justice include human rights, needs, equality, and desert. Balancing these elements creates a just society. For instance, social justice involves promoting equality. For instance, social policies promote political equality by promoting democracy with the concept of one person one vote. Any deviation from this notion is considered social injustice (Barusch, 2017). Social policies on economic equality require that national income and wealth are equally distributed. Again, deviation from the notion is unjust. In addition, respect for human rights promotes social justice.
According to oligarchy view, social justice involves receiving and providing what is due. Injustice, on the other hand, is the natural or possibly the intended outcome. According to the view, inequality is the cost that comes with the reward. According to Libertarians, unequal distribution of resources is the price citizens have to pay for freedom (Barusch, 2017). It is thus acceptable. It promotes social wellbeing. From a utilitarian perspective, justice is that which yields the greatest good for the majority in society. In addition utilitarian values happiness for every person equally. Clearly, there are various views on what social justice is. Based on these views, I believe a just society is one that promotes the wellbeing of every individual equally. Most importantly, social workers should understand all the perspectives about social justice for effective policy practice (Barusch, 2017). This is the only way to operate within existing frameworks to promote social justice.
Policy aspects of Social Security
The goal of social welfare policy is to enhance the lives of every individual. This is why social security is part of social policies. Through social security taxes, finances for unemployment, disability, and retirement insurance system for the nation are collected. Most of the social security programs have their roots on the 1935 Social Security Act. This act provided for welfare programs for unemployed and old people (Barusch, 2017). The programs were intended to provide immediate relief to the needy. Since then the social security program has undergone various changes including covering disabled people. The policy has improved the quality of life for many people in the country.
However, economic uncertainty has proven to impact social policy. For instance, various debates have been witnessed on social security viability. The conservative favor short-term assistance in response to human needs in a free market that is not unbound by tightened policies on social welfare. On the other hand, liberals believe in economic stimuli financed by government in bolstering the economy. Either way, the government enacted social security policies to provide income foundation on which employees can build in retirement planning (Barusch, 2017). Social security also offers social insurance protection that is valuable to families who lose their breadwinner and to employees who become disabled.
Social security policies require people to save while work to benefit while they will not be working. The benefits are not denied or reduced based on the contributor’s level of income or assets. This makes it very efficient in terms of administering (Barusch, 2017). The universal nature of social security guarantees its continued political and popular support. Apart from being beneficial to individual contributors and their families, social security is beneficial to other millions of people who would otherwise live a poor quality life. Therefore, the government requires citizens to contribute to the social security tax to be in a position to improve their social life.
Barusch, A. (2017). Foundations of Social Policy: Social Justice Perspective 6th edition. Cengage Learning.