- Data Collection Procedures
Questionnaires and interview with key informants will be used in studying conformity in students’ attitudes towards sports. Several steps will be followed in data collection. The first step is preparing a questionnaire and making copies. The questionnaire should be simple, easily understandable, and concrete (Wai-Ching, 2001). The questions will proceed from simple to more difficult ones. The questionnaire will be divided into two sections. Section 1 will seek demographic information. This will include years of the student and gender. Section 2 will collect the information effect of conformity in students’ attitudes towards sports. Items in the key informant interview will also be prepared. The items should align with the research objectives (Wai-Ching, 2001). The second step is to cross-check the items and the questionnaire to make sure that they contain the required information to achieve intended objectives.
The third step will be conducting a pilot study. The respondents will be selected randomly from the target population but these respondents will not be included in the main study. The pilot study will help in identifying vague questions or ambiguous interview items for improvement. After being granted permission by authorities, the school administration, the fourth step will follow. This will be delivering the questionnaires to the respondents. According to Wai-Ching (2001), it is better to hand-deliver questionnaires to all respondents. The researcher will encourage the respondents to respond to all questions. This will help in collecting enough information for reliable conclusions. The last step will be collecting the questionnaires after they have been responded to (Wai-Ching, 2001). The researcher will conduct an interview with four key informants, teachers. The interviews will be conducted one-on-one. The researcher will make short notes during the interviews guided by research objectives.
- Data Analysis
Descriptive statistics will be used in data analysis to understand observations that will be made. The statistics are essential in describing a sample. Data obtained from the sample will be recorded and then presented using summary statistics and graphs. A large number of data collected from the study sample will be reduced into meaningful presentations (Elst, 2015). This will help in visualizing the data and gaining a more understanding of the data.
First is the number of participants who participate regularly in sports. These statistics will help in identifying the number of participants who take sports as their hobby and those who participate occasionally. With this information, it will be possible to pay more attention to this group to know the drive behind the regular or occasional participation in sports. These statistics will be collected from students as well as from their instructors (Elst, 2015). The statistics will help in concluding whether conformity has any effect on students’ attitude towards sports.
The second type of descriptive statistics will be the percentage of students who participate in sports out of their own interest vs those who participate for other reasons such as making friends or getting credits. The number of those students who participate in sports with the purpose of making friends, or getting friends will be used to determine the effect of conformity on students’ attitudes towards sports. If the number is significant, then it will be clear that conformity influence students in the decision they make especially in deciding whether to participate in sports or not. Inferential statistics will also be used to determine the generalizations of the study findings (Elst, 2015).
- Contribution to the Field
If the study finds that conformity has a positive impact on students’ attitudes towards the sports, then instructors will have practical suggestions on how to take advantage of conformity to assist every student on cultivating lasting sports lifestyle. Many students do not participate in sports for various reasons. Some prefer paying more attention to their studies to achieve better grades as much emphasized by the education system (Wu, 2002). They spend all their time studying.
Other students believe that only those who are talented in sports should participate in sports. Those who lack perfects skills refrain from such activities. To avoid embarrassment from their peers, they prefer other activities apart from sports. Cleary, participating in sports is beneficial to students in various ways. These include re-awakening mind essential for learning, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoid lifestyle-related diseases (Wu, 2002). Therefore, if the results show a positive relationship between conformity and attitude towards sports, then instructors will use conformity to encourage sports participation beneficial for every student.
If the study shows both positive and negative impact of conformity on students’ attitudes towards sports, instructors will look for better additionally strategies that will help get more positive effects. For instance, the study shows that conformity prevents students from participating in sports, studies will be conducted on how to sensitize students on the benefits of participating in sports. This is considering that such a lifestyle would reduce health cost for society (Wu, 2002). If the study shows an insignificant relationship between conformity and students’ attitude towards sports, better strategies will be pursued for encouraging students to participate in sports. This is considering the benefits students would get by living a healthy lifestyle.
- Research Limitations
The research will have the following limitations. First, it will be limited to respondents drawn from one college. This will limit the application and generalization of the research findings. As much as the researcher would like to generalize the research findings to students in other colleges, this cannot be possible (Bakar, 2016). The findings can only be generalized to students in a specific college where the research will take place. Additionally, the research topic is too broad. A more narrowed topic would be effective in finding clearer findings.
The process of conducting research is complex. It requires knowledge and skills. Doing it effectively involves going through various stages from identifying a good topic, sampling method, choosing participants, data collection, data analysis, to identifying limitations of research (Bakar, 2016). Both Part I and Part II of the research study proposal have been beneficial in equipping me with knowledge on conducting research. I have learned various steps towards conducting research, most especially on writing a research proposal.
Bakar, Z. (2016). Simple Guidelines for Conducting Research. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
Elst, H. (2015). Foundations of Descriptive and Inferential Statistics. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.2112.3044
Wai-Ching, L. (2001). How to design a questionnaire. Student BMJ, Volume 9, pp.187-189.
Wu, L. (2002). Exploration on Conformity among Chinese College Students. Journal of Henan Education College, 2, 35-36.