Indirect Observation- Joey’s Case

The key antecedents appear to be:

  • Presence of other boys and a variety of teachers
  • Occurs in the block and art room
  • Occurs during free play time
  • Ignored by peers
  • Falling of a structure

Behaviors:

The key behaviour appears to be:

  • Running to the shelf
  • Pushing hundreds of blocks to the floor while laughing and yelling

Consequences:

The key consequences appear to be:

  • Teacher attention
  • Instructed to start stacking the blocks back with the help of the staff and other children.

Hypothesis:

When Joey is in the block or art room during play time in the company of  other boys and a variety of teachers, and he unsuccessfully gets their attention, he runs to the shelf and pushes hundreds of blocks to the floor while laughing and yelling, which is followed by teacher and other children’s attention.

Question 2: Indirect Observation

 Observation 1Observation 2Observation 3Observation 4Observation 5
AntecedentsFree play timeFree playing timeFree playing time  Free playing timeIn the room
 Ignored by peerPresence of other boysPresence of a teacherProvoked by peerPresence of other boys
  Provoked by peerStructure fallsPresence of other boysProvoked by peers
   In the block room  
BehaviorsRunning to the shelfYelled at peer  Shrugs Runs to the shelfWent to the shelf
 Cleared the books off the shelfRunning to the shelfstarts building againClears the blocks from the shelf silentlyselected other blocks and started building again
 Sitting down quietlycleared the blocks of while yelling   
ConsequencesPeer attentionTeacher attention Teacher attention 
 cleaning up the blocks with peerCleaning up with the help of teacher and peers Peer attention 
    Clears the blocks with teacher and peers 

Question 3: Comparing direct and indirect observation data

The data from the direct observation mostly matches the information received from the indirect assessment. The data is in line with the formed hypothesis that when Joey is in the block or art room during free play time in company of other boys and a variety of teachers, and he unsuccessfully gets their attention, he runs to the shelf and pushes hundreds of blocks to the floor while laughing and yelling, which is followed by teacher and other children’s attention. The next step is developing a treatment plan for Joey.

Question 4: Joey’s Treatment Plan

As part of Joey’s treatment plan, a psychotherapist will provide staffs will skills that are useful in working on with Joey to help him learn how to socialize with other children. This will make playing in presence of other peers more reinforcing as he will be able to cope with them. The plan will be effective because the data from direct and indirect observation shows that the behaviour occurs when he fails to get attention. Staffs will give Joey more attention and help other kids to give him some more attention as they learn to play together. This will eventually promote interaction amongst the children. The interaction will reduce the number of time Joey is ignored by other boys. Additionally, the psychotherapists will equip staffs with skills that they can work on with Joey to help him deal with provocation. Removing such antecedents will helping in treating Joey’s disruptive behaviors.

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