A living will

A living will is an advanced directive that details the desires of an individual based on their medical treatment in situations where they have lost the ability to express informed consent (Hale & Marshall, 2017). In other words, it is a personal directive that can be initiated by the person himself or herself, family members, and healthcare provider. The documents may serve a specific member of the family or a healthcare provider informing the person on the expected future healthcare decisions when the person becomes unable to make the decisions and choices on their own. This will describe the type of medical care an individual would want or not want to receive when in a state of critical health. A healthcare nurse will use the living will to guide medical decisions when handling a patient with such a directive.


Hale, D., & Marshall, K. (2017). Advance directives. Home healthcare now, 35(5), 283-284.

Question 2

Nurse practitioner (NP) plays an important role in healthcare. The roles of NP rely largely on that individual’s specialization and the state where the person practices in. The NP provides primary, acute, and specialty healthcare operations to different people. With advanced clinical training, NP is allowed to diagnose illness, treat illnesses, and offer evidence-based health education to their patients (Naylor & Kurtzman, 2010). NP examines their patients by assessing medical histories, carry out physical evaluations, and perform diagnostic tests. In regards to this, the NP works closely with other medical providers in the facility to provide quality care to patients. For instance, the NP must work together with other providers to carry out a lab test. The NP will need the information in the NP to complete and confirm their diagnosis. Therefore, the NP helps the healthcare team with the delivery of quality services to patients.


Naylor, M. D., & Kurtzman, E. T. (2010). The role of nurse practitioners in reinventing primary care. Health Affairs, 29(5), 893-899.

Question 3

According to World Bank (2019), a high-income country is one that has a gross national income per capita that goes beyond $12,050. In 2019, the US tops the list of countries with the highest income. There are various reasons that contribute to the high-income in the US. First, the US has an entrepreneurial culture. People in the US show enthusiasm to begin businesses and grow them and are willing to take risks. Second, the US has a financial system that offers support to entrepreneurial activities. The country has a more advanced system of equity finance compared to countries in Europe. Third, the US has excellent research universities that assist drive high-tech entrepreneurial operations. Fourth, the US has a growing population that increases the effectiveness of the labor force.


World Bank Data Team (2019). High Income Countries 2019. Retrieved from; http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/high-income-countries/

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