Nigeria’s post-colonial development profile


Since attaining independence from Britain in 1960, Nigeria is still experiencing stunted growth. To begin with, Nigeria has been the center of research for most researchers in the study of development. Nigeria is a good example of a post-colonial developing country, and its profile in development has key lessons on political and economic stagnation of the developing world (Aregbeshola, 2011). Currently, Nigeria’s population is more than 204 million people, according to the latest UN data. Nigeria’s dependence on oil production alone is not viable for development, and improving the living standards of the people. As a result, about 69% of Nigeria’s population is living below the poverty line (Oduwole, 2015). The paper will outline the gap in Nigeria’s development to be addressed.

Research problem

 Most Nigerians believe that things will get better after gaining independence from the British in 1960. The people anticipated that the people who took over the leadership of the country had a perfect answer from where the British left. It is recorded that Nigeria experienced a financial boom until the late 1960s from the production and export of agriculture-based products that were cultivated under the British. The country abandoned cultivation and focused more on crude oil exploration and export (Luqman & Lawal, 2011). In this light, the economy of the country began to decline. For example, the development programs initiated could not be implemented to achieve the result.

The research problem is the lack of a drive to implement development projects effectively in Nigeria. Nigeria had the best plans after independence. A couple of years after independence, the development project set was a continuation of colonial development policy. It was recorded that the plan succeeded in lifting the economy. At this time, 70% of the expenditure was channeled to direct productive sectors like electricity, transport, communication, education, health, and trade (Aregbeshola, 2011). It is worth noting that the consequent plans were set but were not being implemented. For example, the third development plan had the objective of expanding agriculture, transport, water supply, health sector, quality education, and electrification in rural areas, amongst others. Unfortunately, the third development plan was not implemented.

Idea and innovation design

The main need is to help improve the drive for implementing projects in Nigeria. The main contribution to lack of drive is that the government is not people-centric, contributing to massive corruption. To solve this, the Nigerian government should start by valuing the interest of the people and set up policies to ensure projects are implemented effectively. The following is a design diagram to help implement the need. The design borrows various aspects of social-ecological concepts like social cognitive theory, which suggests that establishing a good environment to change is crucial to making it easier to practice healthy behaviors (Karpouzoglou, Dewulf & Clark, 2016).


Most of the key developments initiated in Nigeria after independence failed because of a lack of drive for implementation. In most of the projects, the government experienced a near success syndrome. In this light, most Nigerians are living below poverty lines, and most of the roads and ports are in poor shape. As a solution to this problem, the government needs to be people-centric. When the government value and understand the people, they will make sure that all the development projected started are accomplished. Social workers should aid the people in pushing for implementation policies of the development projects that are important to the people.

Reference list

Aregbeshola, R. A. (2011). The political, economic, and dynamics of Nigeria: A synopsis. Asian Briefing, 39, 1-7.

Karpouzoglou, T., Dewulf, A., & Clark, J. (2016). Advancing adaptive governance of social-ecological systems through theoretical multiplicity. Environmental Science & Policy, 57, 1-9.

Luqman, S., & Lawal, F. M. (2011). The political economy of oil and the reform process in Nigeria’s fourth republic: successes and continue challenges. Researchers World, 2(2), 59.

Oduwole, T. A. (2015). Youth unemployment and poverty in Nigeria. International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Research, 1(2), 23-39.

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