Language and power: An Introduction to Discourse Analysis

Before starting the paper review the following: Why Do News Values Matter? Towards a New
Methodological Framework for Analyzing News Discourse in Critical Discourse Analysis and
Beyond, Language of Politics Noam Chomsky https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6yueij8jo9Q&feature=youtu.be (Links to an external site.),
and Professor Lakoff, Metaphors We Live By https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7_cexWKE7sE&feature=youtu.be (Links to an external site.). You may also want to review some the resources that have been attach.
You would complete a research project that involves collecting and analyzing samples of political or gendered discourse. Your first step in completing this Paper will be to choose a public speech, news story, or opinion article on a trending topic of interest to you. It is recommended that you spend some time reviewing the discourse sample you have chosen. Consider the theories of discourse analysis studied so far in this course and how they might be applied to the discourse to better understand the author’s intention, the work’s meaning, and possible interpretations by readers.
This paper need to include a formal outline for this. The outline will include a tentative theory statement that asserts how language is used to convey a particular social message or agenda. Paper Outline need to include:
• Propose a tentative theory that states how language is used persuasively, offensively, effectively, or
ineffectively in the discourse sample to convey a particular social message or agenda.
• Identify at least four theories of discourse analysis outlined in your course textbook and other required
resources that you will use to analyze the discourse.
• Outline at least five topic sentences that support the theory
or Include at least two subtopics that elaborate on each topic sentence.

Here is a template that you should follow when outlining your draft. You can find a more detailed example of Outlining if you choose.
• Introduction
o Theory: Indicate your topic, your main point about that topic, and the points of discussion for that topic.
• Body Paragraph 1: Topic sentence goes here. or Supporting evidence: A paraphrase or quote from one of your sources goes here, along with an in-text citation.
 Explanation of the meaning of the supporting evidence.
 So what? A direct statement on how the supporting evidence does in fact support the claim made in
the topic sentence, or Body Paragraph 2: Topic sentence goes here.
 Supporting evidence
 Explanation
 So what?
 Body Paragraph 3: Topic sentence goes here.
 Supporting evidence
 Explanation
 So what?
 Conclusion:
 Rephrased Theory Statement: Rephrase your theory.
 Strong Closing: Close your paper with the significance of this discussion. Why is this
discussion important?

After finishing the outline that would be include here you would start with the paper. Instruction as follow.
The Final Paper
• Must be three to four double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages) and
formatted according to APA style .
• Must utilize academic voice.
• Must include an introduction. Your introduction paragraph needs to end with a clear theory statement that indicates the purpose of your paper.
• Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style.
Remember to include a reference for the discourse sample you choose.
(Please note that, while outside sources are not required for this assignment, three credible sources outside of the course textbook will be required.
Analysis of Political or Gendered Discourse
You will complete a research project that involves collecting and analyzing samples of political or gendered language use. You will consider how discourse influences and is influenced by
contemporary institutions or ideologies, and how it shapes ideologies of power, control, injustice, inequality, social change, and emancipation. In addition, you will create a discourse of your own that responds to the topic discussed in your chosen samples. (Please note, there are two parts to this assignment.)
To begin, choose a public speech, news story, or opinion article on a trending topic of interest to you. It is recommended that you spend some time reviewing the discourse sample you have chosen. Consider the theories of discourse analysis studied so far in this course and how they might be applied to the discourse to better understand the author’s intention, the work’s meaning, and possible interpretations by readers.
For Part 1 of your Final Paper,
• Analyze your chosen discourse using four concepts or theories of discourse analysis outlined (i.e. use of lexical grammar, Grice’s maxims, intertextuality, etc.).
• Assess how language is used persuasively, offensively, effectively, or ineffectively to convey a particular
social message or agenda.
• Locate two other discourse samples about the same topic.
o These can be excerpts in the same genre, or you may draw from other genres (such as blogs, social
media posts, Tweets, video clips, multi-media excerpts, etc.).
• Compare the arguments and language used in the additional excerpts to your chosen text, drawing upon
concepts and theories of discourse analysis outlined in the course.
• Assess how the three discourse samples shape and are shaped by ideologies of power, control, injustice,
inequality, social change, and emancipation.
Remember to incorporate three credible sources (in addition to the course textbook and the three discourse
samples) into your discussion. It is recommended that you find sources through the Ashford University Library;
you may also use the articles listed under the Recommended Resources in each week of the course.

For Part 2 of your Final Paper,:
• Create a blog post (of approximately 250 words), a Facebook post (approximately 250 words), a series of Tweets (250 words total), or an Infographic that responds to the topic discussed in your chosen text.
or You may choose to agree with the views expressed in your chosen text, disagree with them, or merely
address the issue in a new way.
• Assess the effectiveness of your discourse, referring to at least two concepts or theories.
• Evaluate how your discourse responds to the existing discourse(s) of contemporary institutions and
ideologies.
• Must utilize academic voice
• Must include an introduction and conclusion paragraph. Your introduction paragraph needs to end with a clear idea statement that indicates the purpose of your paper.
• Must use at least three credible sources in addition to the course text (and in addition to the required
discourse samples).
• Must document any information used from sources in APA style.
• Must include a separate references page that is formattiqued according to APA

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