Political Science 21A: Question Set #2. Civil Liberties, Civil Rights

Political Science 21A: Question Set #2. Civil Liberties, Civil Rights

 and American Political Parties.

Please respond to each of the five short response questions posted below.  Your answers should be short, focused, and complete, ranging from one to three paragraphs.  Please make sure to answer each specific part of every question.  Successful answers will provide details and context that support your arguments and explain your position to the readers. You may also want to provide real world examples taken from the readings, lectures, group discussions, or your own independent thinking. These illustrations can be from the course materials or your own ideas.  Providing this context and being able to apply the material to YOUR OWN understanding of politics really shows us that you have mastered the material.

  1. Baron v Baltimore established a concept of dual citizenship. How did this view of dual citizenship shape civil liberties/civil rights protections for early citizens of state governments?  Why and how did so many of the civil liberties protections come to be nationalized or incorporated? What are the benefits and drawbacks of incorporating civil liberties protections to extend to citizens of United States regardless of their state of residence?
  • What were Jim Crow laws, and what were their two primary goals? How were these largely remedied in the 1960s, and what are the Constitutional justifications for these remedies? Make sure and note the difference between de facto and de jure segregation in considering the effectiveness of these remedies.
  • How/why did federalism delay the extension of civil rights to various groups throughout American history? Despite these delays, how/why were these rights eventually extended? Make sure and note the role the federal government, social movements, and individual state governments have played in doing so.
  • Why do we have parties? What roles do they play in a representative democracy? How can these roles be beneficial? How can they be harmful?
  • Why does the US have only two major political parties? Make sure and describe Duverger’s law and strategic behavior on the part of voters, politicians, and parties. Explain why it would be hard for a third party to be electorally successful.
  1. General

            Formatting: 

  1. To help facilitate grading and getting quicker and more helpful feedback, please use the following formatting guidelines
    1. Double-spaced
    1. 12-point font
    1. Only black text
    1. 1-inch margins
    1.  Bold keywords
    1. Label each question
    1. Copy the question text above each response
  2. Citing:
    1. Please include a Works Cited/Bibliography page at the end of the paper that corresponds to in-text citations.
    1. Course materials such as the textbook do not need to be listed on this Works Cited/Bibliography page, but in-text citations are necessary.
  3. Making Successful Responses
    1. Please make sure to address each component of every question fully.
    1.  Below I have included a simplified rubric. The bolded text is the original question text. I will be using a similar document to grade your answers. 
    1. It should be abundantly clear what you are addressing in every part of your answer.
    1. I would suggest adding bullet points or some form of numbering to clearly identify that all parts of the question have been completed.

Simplified Rubric

Question 1.

  1. Baron v Baltimore established a concept of dual citizenship. How did this view of dual citizenship shape civil liberties/civil rights protections for early citizens of state governments?
  2. Why and how did so many of the civil liberties protections come to be nationalized or incorporated?
    1. Why?
    1. How?
  3. What are the benefits and drawbacks of incorporating civil liberties protections to extend to citizens of the United States regardless of their state of residence?
  4. Benefits (2 or more)
    1. Benefit 1
    1. Benefit 2
  5. Drawbacks (2 or more)
    1. Drawback 1
    1. Drawback 2

Question 2.

  1. What were Jim Crow laws, and what were their two primary goals?
    1. Define
    1. Goal 1
    1. Goal 2
  2. How were these largely remedied in the 1960s, and what are the Constitutional justifications for these remedies?
    1. How were they remedied?
    1. Constitutional justifications (2 or more)
      1. Justification 1
      1. Justification 2

c. Make sure and note the difference between de facto and de jure segregation in considering the effectiveness of these remedies.

  1. Explanation of remedies include:
    1. De facto 
    1. De jure

Question 3

  1. How/why did federalism delay the extension of civil rights to various groups throughout American history?
    1. How?
    1. Why?
  2. Despite these delays, how/why were these rights eventually extended? 

i.How?

  1. Why?

c. Make sure and note the role the federal government, social movements, and individual state governments have played in doing so.

i. Explanation includes:

  1. Federal government
    1. Social movements
    1. State governments

Question 4

  1. Why do we have parties?
    1. Why?
  2. What roles do they play in a representative democracy?
    1. At least two roles
      1. Role 1
      1. Role 2
  3.  How can these roles be beneficial?
    1. Beneficial
  4.  How can they be harmful?
    1. Harmful

Question 5

  1. Why does the US have only two major political parties? 
    1. Why?

b.  Make sure and describe Duverger’s law and strategic behavior on the part of voters, politicians, and parties.

  1. Describe Duverger’s law
    1. Behavior of
      1. Voters
      1. Politicians
      1. Parties

c.  Explain why it would be hard for a third party to be electorally successful.

i. Explain

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