## Topic 2: A comparison of classical and Bayesian statistics

Topic:
In the context of your term paper you should deal with the general frameworks of classical and Bayesian
statistics in detail. Moreover, you should compare the two different approaches with regard to their
main differences. You could explain the main differences with the help of a self-developed (real-life)
example.
Requirements:
The body of the assignment is composed of the core argument (around 70% of the assignment), and is
preceded by an introduction (around 20%) and followed by a conclusion (around 10%).
Introduction should contain:
Rationale for topic selection: Why is the topic relevant and what issues, discussed in the body of the
assignment, does it raise? • Thesis or argument: What is the central claim? What does the assignment
aim to examine or prove? This is a narrow focus area derived from the topic. • Topic boundaries and
necessary definitions: What is beyond the scope of the assignment? What is within range? Ensuring the
topic is not too broad is a key to writing a successful assignment. • Outline of the arguments within the
assignment: What can the reader expect in the body, and what structure does the assignment follow?
The introduction should be thought about early on in the planning process, even if it is written last. This
helps the introduction to clearly cover the assignment’s key arguments, and ensures a logical
argumentation process within the assignment itself.
2.2 Body
The structure of individual paragraphs should loosely follow this framework: • Clearly state the main
point of the paragraph using a topic sentence. • Explain the topic sentence and elaborate on it using
supporting points. • Conclude the argument in a way that leads the reader to the next point.
2.3 Conclusion
The conclusion should draw the arguments to a close. It should summarize the key arguments within the
assignment and seek to conclude the thesis or main claim, and answer any questions that were raised.
The conclusion can also include any follow-up questions or perspectives regarding the topic that could
be further researched. The conclusion should not include any new ideas or arguments, but rather should
state the outcomes regarding the central claim or thesis.
A written assignment is composed of the following sections:
• Title Page (with abstract, if applicable) •
• List of Diagrams
• Table of Abbreviations
• Text, with an introduction, main body and conclusion
• List of Appendices
• Appendices
• Bibliography
Citing:
It is absolutely forbidden to use ideas, statements and/or facts that are not the writer’s own, without
attributing the source. This is plagiarism. Citations should follow the American Psychological Association
(APA) style. For direct quotes used in the text, use the following citation format: author’s last name, year
of publication, and page number, all in parentheses (name, year, page). For example: The role of
Mephistopheles can be described as follows: “Blab la bla” (Ramirez, 2004, p. 102).