Geologic materials such as fossil fuels provide energy resources used to produce heat, electricity and move automobiles.”

Geologic materials such as fossil fuels provide energy resources used to produce heat, electricity and move automobiles.”

In a few sentences, state the main problem(s) with our current dependence on fossil fuels.Choose an alternative energy resource and outline at least five advantages of your choice as a substitute to fossil fuels.State at least four limitations or reason(s) why the alternative energy resource you chose, may not readily replace fossil fuels in the United States.

Pollution

In a few sentences, state the main problem(s) with our current dependence on fossil fuels.

Fossil fuels causes environmental pollution example when burnt they emit carbon dioxide which is liable for global warming. Sulphur dioxide emitted during fossil fuel burning causes acidic rainfall that leads to destruction of plants. Gas emissions from vehicles and power plants that use fossil fuels have effects on human health including causing some diseases such as asthma and lung cancer. The organization of the petroleum exporting countries (OPEC) usually monitors oil consumption volume and adjusts the production in aim of maintaining its preferred barrel price resulting into global price fluctuations (Pacific environment, 2016).Fossil fuels are non-renewable and looking at the rate at which they are being extracted, expenses in fuel will face a steep hike soon.

Choose an alternative energy resource and outline at least five advantages of your choice as a substitute to fossil fuels.

Solar energy

Solar power slows down global warming that is threatening the survival living things making it environmental friendly. Solar energy is reliable and abundant because rising of sun us usually consistent globally. Sun provides energy security since it cannot be bought or be turned into monopoly. This and the solar  panels simplicity in maintenance has made the U.S  military to invest in the development  of solar energy .solar energy is renewable  and therefore sustainable (Maehlum, 2014). The sun provides individual energy independence by just installing solar panels.

State at least four limitations or reason(s) why the alternative energy resource you chose, may not readily replace fossil fuels in the United States.

If energy is needed when the sun has gone down since it does not shine 24 hours daily, it has to be from another source. This means that U.S cannot rely a hundred percent on solar power since it is also weather dependent. Solar energy cannot produce the large quantities of energy produced by fossil fuels. This means that U.S has to reduce the amount of energy they use or use different sources of energy. The cost of generating solar energy is extremely high compared to generation of fossil fuels (Maehlum, 2014).The storage of solar energy involves technologies that are very expensive.

Reference

Maehlum, M.(2014). Solar Energy Pros and Cons.Energy Informative. Retrieved from:             http://energyinformative.org/solar-energy-pros-and-cons/

Pacific environment (2016).Fossil Fuels: Pacific Environment. Retrieved from:                 http://pacificenvironment.org/energy-fossil-fuels

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