Do a literature search for current literature related to complementary and alternative medicine use in mental health care

PMHNP Interventions

Introduction and Alignment

The PMHNP should be familiar with current complementary and alternative therapies and use this knowledge to guide effective treatment decisions and client teaching.

Upon completion of this assignment, you should be able to:

  • Discuss pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment alternatives available to clients in the psychiatric – mental health care setting and potential benefits and/or rationale for their use.
  • Review current literature regarding dietary supplements, herbal therapies, and psychoactive herbs, and identify potential dangers associated with its use.
  • Recommend PMHNP interventions that are aimed at promoting client safety for individuals who choose to use complementary and alternative medicine.

Resources

  • Textbook: Sadock, Sadock, and Ruiz (2015) – Chapter 24; Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Psychiatry

Instructions

  1. Do a literature search for current literature related to complementary and alternative medicine use in mental health care. Look at both pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches.
  2. Make a table of at least 6 articles and list the following components:
    1. Citation of article
    1. Therapy discussed
    1. Take home points – how used, for what diagnoses, etc.  including patient safety data
    1. Would you recommend this for patients that you care for?
  3. Develop a 2-3 paragraph summary of your support for or against the use of complementary and alternative medicine in your future practice, giving reasons to support.

Assessment Criteria

CriteriaPoints
Question answered comprehensively Table with at least 6 articles reviewed and comprehensive (40) 2-3 paragraph overview, enough data to support choice (20) 60
Paper adheres to APA guidelines regarding citations/references, and proper punctuation/grammar/spelling is observed5

Title pages should have the following info. This is the way it should be done in each course, not just this one. 

Title of paper
Name
PYCFDr. professor
Date of submission (written out)

I will take points off for APA because this is the writing style you will be using throughout this program so it needs to be correct. An important note on citing references: it is not adequate to put one citation at the end of a long paragraph. The source needs to be clearly stated throughout the paragraph. Also, please keep direct quotes to a minimum. I will take points off if there are a large amount of direct quotes; especially in these assignments that tend to be on the shorter side. I will grade on grammar and spelling. 

***Make sure you review what is considered a scholarly source (if you have questions about this, please ask) and be sure that the article is from the last 5 years.

Appropriate references for this course and all future courses include ONLY PROFESSIONAL SOURCES. That is, consumer websites and sources are NOT acceptable references for assignments.

Not professional sources: WebMD, Mayo Clinic, HealthNet, MedicineCabinet.com, and so on, are consumer websites. They may have accurate information, but the information is not of the depth needed for a provider.

Not professional sources: What students find trickier is that there are websites that have EBP guidelines and consumer information both. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC), AHRQ, American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), National Institutes of Health (NIH), and many other excellent websites have a tab or a section of the website for consumer information.   Please access the professional portion of those website; they are excellent sources.  The consumer tab, however, is also a consumer website, not a professional source. If the section is not clearly labeled, you can be certain that the information is intended for consumers: 1) if it is written in the second person. Professional sources never say, “You should eat three servings of green leafy vegies per day”, 2) if readers are advised to see their healthcare professional if they have certain symptoms.  Professional sources are written for healthcare professionals, and do not advise readers to see their healthcare professional, 3) if there are no citations and no reference lists of peer reviewed sources of information. Professional sources cite and reference their information, as you do in your papers.  These sources may be used as examples of patient education materials only, not as the source you are citing for epidemiology, diagnosis, treatments or other clinical information.

Acceptable professional sources:

  • Textbooks from your graduate level courses
  • Epocrates and Lexicomp 
  • Peer reviewed professional journal articles 
  • Medscape 
  • The Merck Manual
  • Articles from UpToDate online database
  • The Red Book
  •  Evidence Based Practice Guidelines from professional associations such as American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and American Academy of Family Practice (AAFP)
  •  Recommendations and guidelines for professionals from the CDC and other government agencies
  • World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations for professionals
  • The Prescriber’s Letter (which you should be receiving monthly)

Leave a Reply