The world is made up of resources and materials whose life system is short lived by the existence or emergence of another. The durability of the human artifice is not entirely absolute but somewhat depends on the process of making, use and recovery. The concept then brings to the consideration of the works of our hands from the labor of our bodies constituting the homo Faber and animal laborans. The two thoughts are mixed to represent the object for use and reintegration. There is the part that works willingly, and there is the part that has to strain for productivity to be achieved. Marx believes that the phenomenon of the durability of the world is the actual test for the human nature that is continuously shifting just like the other materials like the woods, clothing, and others. Therefore, we can accept that the life of immortality is not in the breed of the animals but on some deity that exists in the world. Taking into consideration the concept of value by Adam Smith, we understand the knowledge of exchange a shift to various forms. Therefore, the paper will address the idea of the durability of the world using knowledge from different scholars.
Arendt asks the question ‘’ what usage wears out the durability of the world?’’ This medium brings us to the theory of use and misuse. Most of the material in the world is put into use to produce some things as the end product. For example, a chair is made from wood cut down from the trees. The chair, when discarded from the world without using it, will eventually turn to wood. The wood will then decay and return to the soil from which the tree sprung out from before it became wood. These indicate that there is a circle of existence between the products and the materials especially the agricultural materials. However, this can make us to ask a question whether the materials are immortal or not contrary to the mortal humans. According to Marx, the materials such as wood undergo a reproduction process since there is an essence of death in the first place as compared to the immortal regime where all things don’t face death. On the same note, Arendt says that material is a product of the human hands that has removed it from its natural world through the killing of a life process. Therefore, the life of the material is in the hands of the humans, and this defines its durability.
According to Arendt, the process of reification exists to destroy the world that was created by God and then replace it with the human-made materials creating a human-made world. The material in the world has form a kind of conflict that existed during the creation process and has been passed from generation to the present. According to Marx, science is using the natural material to create a world of science that will be natured by the absence of natural materials. The idea seems to join the two scholars’ minds on the concept of science and the destiny that befalls nature. From the idea of creating the theory, the man was made to protect all the materials and not to destroy which is evident at present times. However, should the man stop using the worldly materials to save nature or should God brings the aspect of immortality to the materials?
Therefore, taking the idea from Arendt based on the reification; I think nature has its role and purpose to serve humanity. Thus, its durability depends on humankind. Humans through the various works and labor use the materials to make them useful as per their purposes.
Arendt, Hannah. The Human Condition. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1958. Print.
Smith, Mark S. The priestly vision of genesis 1. Fortress Press, 2010.