Jack Lindsay 1927

  1. Author and the Poem Chosen

The chosen poem is gone by Jack Lindsay 1927.

  1. Tone

 Gone is a love poem which takes the reader through the sad story of the narrator’s life, who has just lost a lover. The poet employs a variety of tones to effectively elicit empathy in the readers. For instance, the narrator portrays a desperate tone at the beginning of the poem, “The girl I loved has left me. She has Left Me. “The use of repetition puts emphasis on the pain and desperation the poet suffers from losing the girl he loves. Additionally, a bitter tone is evident when the poet says, “ O can I see her leaning on another, Who was mine, who was mine, so late?” the anguish and bitterness that results from the mere imagination of his lover leaning on another man is evidently too much to bear. Again, at the end of the poem, the narrator claims that he gave his lover gifts and made her songs, yet he never got a single thank you. A melancholic tone is evident in these words.

  • Shifts in Mood

A shift in the tone of the poem is evident in the eighth line, “Then I could say ‘You are mine’ to her aloud … But love’s king of yesterday becomes by fate, Tomorrow’s Fool. That is the way of love.” The poet displays acceptance of the fact that he has lost the one he loves. He finds solace in drawing references from the reality of love on earth, by referring to the way of love as tomorrows fool. He consoles himself from drawing references from others who have fallen because of love and risen, much stronger than they initially were. He basically displays a hopeful; tone by arguing that great kings and lords have lain in the dust. The statement prompts further thinking in the reader’s mind. It means that after great falls come the corresponding rising. The statement is symbolic of the poet’s current condition.

  • Level  of language

Jack Lindsay employs the use of casual language in his poem. The poet communicates in a manner that is easy to comprehend and relate to. The author chose words that are simple and easily understood.

  • Paradox

Paradoxes refer to statements which contradict themselves (Dirges, 2003). For instance, the lineTruth mixed with lies, an endless hum of speech, “in the poem” Rumor” byA. E. Watts (1954), is self-contradictory. Truth cannot be mixed with lies.

  •  Metaphor

Metaphors entail making a comparison of two completely different things. In addition, these comparisons are implied. For instance in My Muse was mute and wrote no elegy,” in the poem “When Ovid Was Young” by John Gower, there is a comparison between two different things, the muse, and the poet’s lover, which have no relation whatsoever

  •  Simile

Similes involve the making of comparisons of dissimilar things using words such as like, as, than, and, resembles (Yeibo, 2012). For instance, in the poem, “All Things Change” byArthur Golding, a comparison is made between time and a brook.” The time itself continually is fleeting like a brook.”

  • Personification

Personification entails giving animals, ideas or objects human attributes. For instance, in the poem, “The Ages of Mankind” byJohn Dryden (1693), the author gives the trumpet the ability to produce to elicit human traits such as anger and produce and angry sound. “No walls were yet, nor fence, nor moat, nor mound; 244 nor drum was heard, nor trumpet’s angry sound.”

  •  Imagery

Imagery refers to the creation of vivid images in the reader’s mind by use of sensory language. It also involves the use of words that represent sounds, smells, and, taste to promote sensory experience to readers (Yeibo, 2012).  Imagery can be seen in the poem“The One-Eyed Giant Polyphemus Proposes to the Sea-Nymph Galatea” by John Dryden who describes the setting in a manner that creates a vivid mind in the reader’s mind.” My palace, in the living rock, is made by nature’s hand; a spacious pleasing shade; which neither heat can pierce, nor cold invade. My garden filled with fruits you may behold and grapes in clusters, imitating gold…”

  •  Repetition

The repetition refers to repeating words, lines, stanzas, or phrases to put more emphasis on a particular idea (Dirges, 2003). For instance, in Jack Lindsay’s poem, “Gone,” the poet repeats the phrase, “has left me” in,The girl I loved has left me. She has Left Me. “The use of repetition puts emphasis on the pain and desperation the poet suffers from losing the girl he loves.

  1. Hyperbole

Hyperboles are a mere exaggeration which is meant to intensify situations. For instance, in the poem “Advice to women” by F.A Wright, the author exaggerates in the statement, “This care that makes the barren earth Produce the ripened grain,” it is an overstatement since it is not actually true.

  1.  Irony

The irony is a stylistic device in which events unfold contrary to the expectations of the readers in the text. In the poem “Gone, “by Jack Lindsay. It is rather ironical that the poet displays a hopeful tone, even despite his sad situation, after being left by the lover. “But love’s king of yesterday becomes by fate, Tomorrow’s Fool. That is the way of love. ”The acceptance is rather drastic. Normally, people who have experienced heartbreaks drown in sorrow for longer time frames.

 13 Ambiguities

Ambiguity refers to situations in which a statement has two or more interpretations (Dirges, 2003). For instance, in the poem “Rumor” byA. E. WATTS (1954), the reader is uncertain of who the pronoun her refers to in the text. Whether it refers to the earth, the sky, or, the sea. “Where three worlds meet, there lies a central space, Of earth and sky and sea the meeting-place; Where all that is, though worlds away, comes plain To eye and ear: ’this Rumor’s hill-domain, Her own devising, pierced on every side With loops and entries, ever standing wide; Her chosen fastness, by no portals closed.”


Dirges, B. (2003). Stylistic Patterns in Oral Literature: The Form and Structure Of. Nordic     Journal of African Studies12(3), 387-406.

Yeibo, E. (2012). Figurative Language and Stylistic Function in JP Clark-Bekederemo’s        Poetry. Journal of Language Teaching & Research3(1).

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