Using the Hays ADDRESSING Model

Question 1

I have privileges in almost all the areas except for the areas of disability of the developmental type. I will make an access to the areas where the privilege could be a hindrance to the progress. I have privilege in various ethnic groups in the society. However, it is very interesting working with my fellow people of color  (Hays, 2008).

Areas I have privileges

  • Disability(Acquired) e.g I will not understand how disabled people feel
  • Age e.g am not aware of how people above 40 years feel
  • Gender e.g I don’t understand how male feel in some situations

Areas without previleges

  • Ethnicity and racial identity e.g Iam aware of the effects of race
  • Socio-economic status e.g I have been through both states like low and middle class
  • Religion and spiritual identity e.g in understand both the religion as well as pagan life

Question 2

It is important that our cultures, most of the non-whites are treated unfairly. Indeed, this can make me biased in order to revenge the cause to the other ethnic group (Preacher, Rucker, & Hayes, 2007). Teaching cause has taught me to be unbiased and to work with all groups in the society. However, this has been a challenge especially when I see the whites mistreating the people of color (Dakai, 2003).

Question 3

This will affect my teaching profession as I will favor the people of color and show contempt to the contemporary group.  The state of biasness will affect the delivery process as African American people would find an easy access based on support (Smith, 2004).


Dakai, S.H. (2003). Addiction Counseling: Examination of various Addiction Counseling and Therapy Approaches. Journal of Addictive Disorders. Retrieved from

Hays, P. A. (2008). Addressing cultural complexities in practice. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Smith, T. B. (Ed.). (2004). Practicing multiculturalism: Affirming diversity in counseling and psychology. Allyn and Bacon.

Preacher, K. J., Rucker, D. D., & Hayes, A. F. (2007). Addressing moderated mediation hypotheses: Theory, methods, and prescriptions. Multivariate behavioral research, 42(1), 185-227.

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