The spread of Islam across the Middle East was exemplary. In 610 CE a merchant by the name Muhammad changed the entire Middle East through the religion of Islam. He moved to a place called Mecca in a cave where he was given the words of Allah and through this Islam religion came (Michalopoulos, Stelios, Alireza and Giovanni, 173). For some period of time, the religion attracted new followers massively leading to the question- How Did Islam Spread as successfully as it did? This was because of the influence of trade and also the growth of their empire. The essay provides the reasons for the successful spread of Islam.
The whole of Islam Empire such as Byzantine Empire and the Persian Empire had made trade routes through the entire Arabian Peninsula. Since Mecca was a wealthy place everyone came to trade allowing people to share ideas and information. People from various cultures came to trade in this region acquiring the idea of Islam and then spread it to their people since it the way of life in the religion was attractive and also based on the unitary of one God. The Muslim merchants would move across various trading destinations which allowed exposure of the religion to other areas. For example, there were some trade routes to Silk Road connecting India and China, Spain and East Africa (al-Faz̤l ʻIzzatī, Abū, and A. Ezzati, 56). These nations would then, most likely converted to Islam. Generally, trade played a major role in the spread of Islam.
The strategy of overtaking and attacking weak empires worked for the benefit of spreading Islam. This is because it gave them the option of placing an established presence of the military in the new territories and then allowed them to invade and pursue the surrounding regions. Based on this, the tribes that have faced persecution prior to the Islam, they welcomed them with open arms in the exchange for persecution and safety. After the death of Prophet Muhammad the Muslim was then ruled by Caliph who held a degree of spiritual authority, and the empire of Caliphate (Cobb 385). The communities under the leadership and territory of Islam received a new sense of life as opposed to their earlier rulers. This allowed them to like Islam religion beginning increasing the number of members to the religion. The regions which they attacked were all converted to Islam. Moreover, also through relocating the Arab tribe to their new territory and creating a new taxation system that was favorable was also a kind of freedom from the people. This also gave the empire a constant and necessary income to pay and also for up-keep (Michalopoulos, Stelios, Alireza and Giovanni, 345).
Most cultures globally got the idea of Islam based on various reasons. The spread of Islam was so exorbitant taking through the major population in the Arab nations at that time. The factors for the spread are because of trade and also the growth of their empires through attacking and overtaking lands. Basically, through trade, the followers were able to pass the idea to various cultures. The trade routes going through various nations allowed for the spread of Islam culture and custom. Moreover, through the growth of their empires by conquering the lands by following the operations of religion they were also able to spread their religion massively. Despite the death of Muhammad the message he left from God made a significant impact on the world especially Muslims.
Michalopoulos, Stelios, Alireza Naghavi, and Giovanni Prarolo. Trade and Geography in the Origins and Spread of Islam. No. w18438. National Bureau of Economic Research, 2012.
al-Faz̤l ʻIzzatī, Abū, and A. Ezzati. The spread of Islam: The contributing factors. ICAS Press, 2002.
Cobb, Paul M. “The Great Arab Conquests: How the Spread of Islam Changed the World We Live In.” (2009): 383-385.