ADHD, Conduct Disorders, Oppositional Defiant Disorders and Anti-social Personality Disorder

The spread of disorders in the society has led to the knowledge of various psychological problems in relation to health issues. The disorders discussed in this paper are ADHD, Conduct Disorders, Oppositional Defiant Disorders and Anti-social Personality Disorder. There are various relationships that can be identified in the above-mentioned disorders. Attention-deficit/ hyperactive disorder (ADHD) is a chronic condition that affects many children and sometimes extends to adulthood. Conduct disorder (CD) is perhaps a mental disorder that is usually diagnosed in childhood or adolescence and is represented through repetitive and persistent patterns on behavior through which the basic rights of individuals or major age appropriation norms are violated (Biederman, et al, 2008).

Moreover, Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is considered as a childhood disorder that is known by a sequence of hostile, defiant and disobedient behaviors that is then redirected to adults or other authority figures within the society (Biederman, et al, 2008). It also displayed by children having irritable moods and vindictive behaviors. The antisocial personality disorder is a mental condition where a person has a long-term pattern of manipulating, exploiting or violating the rights of others. Therefore, based on the definition of the disorders, there are various relationships as far as the disorders are concerned.

Based on the definition, it is vivid that ADHD, CD, ODD, and APD are all disorders that involve the status of the mind. They all represent various points based on the spectrum of behaviors known as disruptive behavioral disorders evident in ADHD. Each of the disorder portrays behaviors that are disruptive and also deliberately hostile for the societal norms that are able to give the outline of civility that exist in an individual and also a group. For instance, children who fail to accept the authority from a parent or adults who is constantly physically violent is behaving in a manner that is entirely disruptive and deliberately hostile to be acceptable based on the norms of the community (Biederman, et al, 2008).

It is essential to understand that behaviors connected with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders are disruptive but is not considered to be deliberate and hostile attempt on the individual’s sections in order to disrupt others. Therefore, ADHD is not considered a section of the hierarchy with the respective behaviors, though it is often found as a concurrent disorder, and would lead to the negatively to the behavior and also treatment of an individual that is already diagnosed with disruptive disorders.   The ADHD is divided into three categories; Inattentive type, hyperactive-impulsive type, and combination type.  Hyperactive-impulsive type is demonstrated through the kids having the feeling of the need to move constantly. Inattentive type involves children having difficulty in paying attention in class or any gathering. Moreover, the combined type involves a child having both hyperactive type and inattentive type.

The range of these disruptive and deliberate hostile behavior described through the ADHD can create a transition from argument to even rape and murder. All the disorders present a certain harm based on the behavior responsive. The CD is an escalation of a disruptive behavior extending past the resistance to the authority or vindicates verbal harassment of the ODD to the active violation of the rights of other people within the society or the societal norms (Biederman, et al, 2008). Moreover, the most severe diagnosis in the hierarchy of disruptive behaviors disorders is through the ASPD which is featured through a persistent continuity of the most severe behaviors of the Conduct disorder through adulthood. Consequently, the major relationships to all the disorders are that they all children related meaning that they mostly affect children then extends to adulthood if not handled.

Reference

Biederman, J., Petty, C. R., Dolan, C., Hughes, S., Mick, E., Monuteaux, M. C., & Faraone, S. V. (2008). The long-term longitudinal course of oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder in ADHD boys: findings from a controlled 10-year prospective longitudinal follow-up study. Psychological Medicine, 38(7), 1027-1036.

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