The Reasons for Season Misconception


The seasons and planets, have been a question with limited answers due to limited research. The limited research has led to the present misconception that people have in regards to reasons for seasons. The most common misconceptions among the people are the fact that temperature is controlled by the earth’s proximity to the sun. So generally, the nearer we are, the warmer the temperature and the further we are the cooler the temperatures. Another notion is that people know that the revolution of the Earth around the sun is what leads to the changes in seasons in regards to where the sun strikes a place on the earth surface (Kanli, 2014). The paper will discuss misconception in reasons for seasons, the actual reasons for seasons on earth and other planets that have seasons.

There exist various misconceptions on what leads to Earth’s seasons. The known misconception is that the temperature of the earth changes based on the closeness of the earth to the sun. The misconception is mostly among the students and also some adults. Moreover, many people know that the Earth’s rotation around the sun on its axis and that the space between specific areas on the earth surface from the sun causes a shift in the four seasons. These misconceptions are because of the limited knowledge of the people. Most students are taught this information without any facts on the issue of reasons for the Earths four season such as spring, summer, autumn, and winter (Kanli, 2014).

 Based on ‘’the reason for seasons’ by Lambert & Sundburg the North Pole always points the North Star. It is imperative that the earth is tilted at 23.5 degrees due to the geometric link that exists between the sun and earth. The variation between the angle midday sun on the equinox on September or March and solstice that is on December or June is equal to 23.5 degrees. Therefore, as the earth revolves round the sun, the axis remains tilted at 23.5 degrees in a similar direction. On the other hand, the direction of the Earth tilts based on the Sun changes which cause seasons. Therefore, when the northern hemisphere is tilted towards the sun which means that half the earth gets more sunlight and hence summer. Similarly, the southern hemisphere is tilted from the sun thus leading to winter.

It is imperative that other than the earth, there exist other planets that could be either near or far away from the sun. In regards to our reading, the paper covers on Mars and Venus in regards to the aspect of seasons. Mars has seasons because of the tilt of less than one-degree difference from the earth. It is vivid that its orbit doubles the size of the Earth hence the season last twice as long. On the other hand, Venus is more close to the sun thus its tilt is less than three degrees forming its seasons. Mars has seasons of freezing temperatures whereas Venus has no seasons (Dumusque et al., 2012).


It is imperative that students, as well as adults, acquire wrong notions based on the reasons for seasons particularly upon looking at the drawings. These have led to varying misconception on the reasoning about seasons. However, through some simple changes on how it is shown on Earth orbiting around the sun, it is easy to get the real cause of seasons which is the tilt of the earth on its axis which leads to the changing seasons.


Dumusque, X., Pepe, F., Lovis, C., Ségransan, D., Sahlmann, J., Benz, W., … & Udry, S. (2012). An Earth-mass planet orbiting α Centauri B. Nature, 491(7423), 207.

Kanli, U. (2014). A Study on Identifying the Misconceptions of Pre-service and In-service Teachers about Basic Astronomy Concepts. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 10(5).

Lambert, J. L., & Sundburg, S. S. (2010). The Reasons for the Seasons. Science and Children, 47(8), 68.

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