The nature versus nurture argument is one of the oldest controversial issues. Most people would call this issue hereditary versus environment. The psychologist asks whether a child’s development is managed by a pattern established at birth or rather experience shapes a child’s behavior. In regards to nature, theorist believes that learning relies more on genetics whereas, in regards to nurture, theorist believes that environment plays a significant role in the developmental learning process of a child (Sameroff 2010). Consequently, there is some theorist who remains in the middle and believes that both nurture and nature play a role in a learning process of a child. The paper provides a debate on Nurture and Nature using developmental theories to explain a child’s development.
Globally, scientists have researched the link or division of the ways through which nature and nurture influence human behavioral development. One of the most pressing argument in the psychological world presently is based on identifying which one nature and nurture which one result to our behavior in the later days. According to philosophers such as Descartes and Plato believe that some things are inborn or that they occur naturally despite the environmental influences. Consequently, the Nativists took a stand that all or rather most behaviors especially characteristics are because of the inheritance aspect. According to these philosophers, child development is significantly affected by the inheritance or rather the genetic aspect of the parents. This means that a child’s behavior is determined by the parent’s behavior which they also acquired (Sameroff 2009).
On the other hand, some theorist supports the fact that nurture is responsible for the development of a child. The social learning theory state that people learn by observing the behaviors of others in the environment. Therefore, it is imperative that children could learn aggressive behaviors just by observing another person acting in the same manner. The behaviorist theory believes that all actions and behaviors are the outcomes of conditioning. The condition which is displayed in the environment affects the behavior of child development (Sameroff 2010). Therefore, in regards to the behaviorism theory, an environment with people behaving in bad behavior are likely to the behavior of a child.
Therefore, the nurture vs. nature arguments on the aspect of development has created a lot of controversial issues from the theorists. In regards to nature, child development is affected by genetics which is hereditary while in nurture child development is affected by the environment. However, it is evident that the environment has an impact in the development of a child. I believe that nurture rules over nature in regards to child development. The behavior of a child can be tied to the environment where the child lives.
Working with children could be challenging sometimes based on the different behaviors they exhibit. Thus, understanding the origin of the child’s behavior will assist in creating ways of treating the children. I believe that the views based on nurture make it is clear that the environment influences a child’s behavior. Based on this view, I will make sure that children stay in an environment which can only affect him or her positively. I will create a positively oriented surrounding for the development of a child. Moreover, I will be able to understand a child who comes from an environment that affected him or her negatively.
Sameroff, Arnold. “A unified theory of development: A dialectic integration of nature and nurture.” Child development 81.1 (2010): 6-22.
Sameroff, Arnold. The transactional model. American Psychological Association, 2009.