Technology in project Management

Introduction

Over the past five decades, technology has gone under noticeable changes globally impacting various systems. It is imperative that during this period, technology progressively become smarter and widespread reaching more people. For instance, in the 1970s the first portable computer was introduced replacing the commercialized one in the 1960s. The transformation shifted leading to the development of the first smartphone and other designs such as 3G for faster network connectivity (Anantatmula, 2008). It is evident that the changes in technologies over the 50 years have been surprisingly amazing impact project evaluations. The paper addresses the fast progression in technology over the past five decade’s impact on project management.

Moreover, in the 1950s to 1960s, there was a significant advancement in technology. It is imperative that this lead to the design of important tools in project management such as critical path method (CPM) and program evaluation and review technique (PERT). The PERT tool was developed by Missile mission as a decision-making tool for meeting objectives on time (Laland et al., 2014). The technique takes into consideration three important aspects such as time, resource and technical performance specifications in deciding on a project for an easy way to achieve the objectives.

In the 1970s, there was a rise in computer technology. It is during this period that Bill introduced Microsoft, and the size of the computers was reduced from mainframe to mini-computers making them affordable allowing organizations to update their business technology. The evolution of computers to smart ones have greatly influenced the project management process (Marchewka, 2014). For instance, the modernization has led to the design of artificial intelligence which requires minimal human involvement which allows technology that presently automates task assignment, tracking and reporting to operate independently (Laland et al., 2014). It is imperative that project management requires automation to enable efficiency. The software robots also are known as the bots which have been part of the evolution assist in building project plans based on simple, high-level parameters and assign tasks intelligently to the appropriate resources whether human or machine.

Moreover, in the 1990s to 2000s it was time for internet and the influence it has on how businesses perform their tasks. The modern fast, interactive and customizable medium enables customers to browse, purchase and track products online resulting in the businesses becoming more productive, effective and focused on what the clients want. It is imperative that the connectivity of the internet means that the data can be uploaded and shared automatically (Laland et al., 2014). Therefore, it grants everyone access to update on the project progress and also inputs of recent task status. The development of the internet allows the project manager to communicate easily with the project team about the tasks. The same technology also uses powerful predictive analytics to identify project risks.

Conclusion

Technology has made many things in society to be easier particularly in project management. The advancement in software, hardware, communication technology, and other areas have transformed the world of project management over the past 50 years, and things are changing at a faster rate presently. For instance, the introduction of project software programs like PERT for tracking activities during the project process is important to the project manager. Moreover, the design of computer technology has improved communication in society. It is evident that communication is the key to project success and the introduction of a faster communication system using the internet is a plus in project management.

References

Anantatmula, V. S. (2008). The role of technology in the project manager performance model. Project Management Journal, 39(1), 34-48.

Laland, K., Uller, T., Feldman, M., Sterelny, K., Müller, G. B., Moczek, A., … & Futuyma, D. J. (2014). Does evolutionary theory need a rethink?. Nature News, 514(7521), 161.

Marchewka, J. T. (2014). Information technology project management. John Wiley & Sons.