Evidence-based interventions used in trauma

Introduction

The major events in history that resulted in advancement in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is Hurricane Katrina. According to scholars, Hurricane Katrina presented people with problems beyond the physical devastation. The victims of Hurricane experienced elevated health and mental health problems particularly the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was high among low-income earners (Rodríguez-Testal, Senín-Calderón & Perona-Garcelán, 2014). In regards to this, cognitive-based therapies have been the most widely evidence-based intervention modalities for the treatment of PTSD. The technique form this framework can be tailored to meet the unique needs of each persona and situation. The individual needs for interpersonal trauma and national traumatic events could be similar or different based on the impact of the event. The paper will address evidence-based intervention to traumatic events.

Hurricane Katrina was a storm that did hit the Gulf coast of the United States of America in August 2005 with wind speed as fast as 100-140 miles per hour. Most of the residents of the states like Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi had their buildings destroyed and many people killed. Besides, the storm had various impact on victims, neighbors, society, and families as many people lost their lives, some were unable to access their homes and jobs. There was also the aspect of mental distress among the people since they could not access their usual places.  In addition, according to Smith et al. (2016), access to resources like reliable information, social network and transportation can affect the level of stress a person experiences after such as disaster. The psychological challenge experienced was because of the accessibility and availability of resources which influenced the extent of hurricane-related stress.

There exist various psychotherapy interventions for trauma such as STAIR narrative therapy, Cognitive therapy, Narrative exposure therapy, prolonged exposure therapy, and many others. Cognitive-based therapies are considered the most researched evidence-based interventions modalities for the treatment of PTSD. Most of the techniques that form this model can be tailored to attain the needs of each individual and case. However, it is apparent that all the therapies or interventions majors on the emotional aspect of the situation (Schnyder et al., 2015). Some of the therapies predominantly tackle the individual’s trauma or fear network while others focus on guilt, shame, anger, and sadness.

The above trauma interventions have been deemed effective in the management of trauma-related issues among individuals. The trauma-focused treatments have been disseminated across the US health administration and have been found effective for the ones who complete the therapy sessions. The therapies have majored their work on emotional regulations making an individual feel calm, collected and develop an improved relationship and social networks (Schnyder et al., 2015). It is important to note that effective intervention is based on the fact that it has achieved the intended purpose.

Conclusion

The national traumatic events and interpersonal trauma result in the needs of individuals. Both the national and interpersonal events lead to needs such resources in regards to the damage of infrastructure and social networks. They also result in emotional needs especially after events like Hurricane. However, national traumatic events result in extreme individual needs due to loss of an important aspect of social life while interpersonal trauma leads to an internal need due to emotional imbalance within the person. In light of this, various interventions have been applied to counter the impact of trauma after a natural disaster or any devastating occurrence.

References

Rodríguez-Testal, J. F., Senín-Calderón, C., & Perona-Garcelán, S. (2014). From DSM-IV-TR to DSM-5: Analysis of some changes. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 14(3), 221-231.

Schnyder, U., Ehlers, A., Elbert, T., Foa, E. B., Gersons, B. P., Resick, P. A., … & Cloitre, M. (2015). Psychotherapies for PTSD: what do they have in common?. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 6(1), 28186.

Smith, J. C., Hyman, S. M., Andres-Hyman, R. C., Ruiz, J. J., & Davidson, L. (2016). Applying recovery principles to the treatment of trauma. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 47(5), 347.