Trends and Issues in Today's Health Care

Research Problem

There is an increasing number of overweight and obesity cases among teenagers for the past years in the community (Bassett et al., 2015). The health issue is becoming more prevalent in the community as public fear and outcry increases.


The research will major on finding the reasons why there is an increase in the number of overweight and obesity cases among teenagers. It aims to determine the best strategies to put in place to reduce cases of obesity and any other diet-related problems. The research method will include interviewing the teenagers on what they eat, junk food store sellers, interviewing the community health providers, parents and diet specialists on the problem and the possible solution that can be introduced to manage the issue. The research will also consider the age factor since it is based on teenagers as the point of focus.

Background information

Over the past five years, there have been increased cases of overweight and obesity observed by health specialists. This is based on the cases being reported daily in most hospitals across the United States of America. This has resulted to the need to determine the main reasons for the increase in such cases and come up with a solution to prevent and reduce the health risk that teenagers and community as a whole are facing. The community believes that the primary reason is the availability of junk foods in the market and also lack the education to the teenagers on the types of food to eat to avoid possible health risks (Piernas & Popkin, 2010). In addition, the increase in such cases in the society attracts a legal action to be taken especially in regulating the kind of food that should be sold to teenagers who might lack the right judgment on what is fit for their health. The primary objective is to reduce the cases of overweight and obesity among teenagers.

Research Design

Correlation and descriptive research design will be employed where the teenagers will be observed in their environment to determine the likely factors that result in these conditions (Beauvais et al., 2014). For instance, it will be important to understand whether the course of the problem is from their private homes diet, public or even other factors. Data collection can be carried out through the use of interviewing some of the teenagers to understand what they like to eat, community health personnel, a diet expert and parents. Taking notes on the findings from the interviews will be important for analysis. The analysis of the data and interpretation will be carried out through computer and professional group discussions to determine a strong argument when presenting the proposal for a legislative proposal.


This research is significant to my field of study because it will enable me as a nurse to advocate for the rights of teenagers to access healthy foods by presenting a protective bill to the legislation which can be passed into law to make sure that teenagers are living healthy. It will enable me to advocate for good parenting not only at a family level but community level by discouraging the selling of junky foods to teenagers.


The research will take two months to collect information, analyze and come up with a report in the findings. It will also require about $450 for transport, welfare, analysis and research materials among other expenses that are involved in any research. I will make sure that the research is done within the time anticipated because time can have an impact on the overall cost of the research especially in aspects such as transport and welfare.


Bassett, D. R., John, D., Conger, S. A., Fitzhugh, E. C., & Coe, D. P. (2015). Trends in physical activity and sedentary behaviors of United States youth. Journal of physical activity and health, 12(8), 1102-1111.

Beauvais, A. M., Stewart, J. G., DeNisco, S., & Beauvais, J. E. (2014). Factors related to academic success among nursing students: A descriptive correlational research study. Nurse Education Today, 34(6), 918-923.

Piernas, C., & Popkin, B. M. (2010). Trends in snacking among US children. Health Affairs, 29(3), 398-404.