The historical relationship between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam


Every religion is unique in its way although there could be some similarities between one another. Christianity, Judaism, and Islam are the most known religions globally. There exist a variety of similarities and differences in these three religion. For instance, all the three religion believe that there is one God the ruler and creator of heaven and Earth. However, these religions have been shaped not only through beliefs and theories but also on historical circumstance on which they were established. Due to this, history has become a background for understanding different religions globally. Therefore, the paper will major on historical relationships of the three religion, geographical connections, historical timelines, the current relationship and how globalization has influenced their current relationship.

Historical relationships of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam

The three religion Christianity, Judaism, and Islam started in the Middle East and are linked in different ways. Both Christianity and Judaism were established in Southern Levant which is currently known as Palestine, Israel, and Jordan whereas Islam was established in the Arabian Peninsula. The three religions had varying original languages. The first language of Christianity was Aramaic, Islam was Arabic whereas Judaism was Hebrew. To display the major link, Christianity was established in Judaism and Islam was established from both two religion. Any knowledge as far as Christianity is concerned must begin with Judaism since Jesus was a Jew and was brought up under Jewish background. From research, it is clear that Jesus was the person behind Christianity because the work comes from its stem Christ.

Initially, Hebrews worshipped many gods, offering many sacrifices to them in return of good fortune and weather. However, they developed a religion tailored to the notion that would become key to other great western religions (Goodman, 2018). The idea was monotheism meaning there is only one God. On the other hand, they also introduced a covenant aspect that is crucial to their belief because it created an understanding with God which was later joined by both Christianity and Islam. The person behind this is Abraham. He is known to be the first Jew to have established a covenant with God. It is apparent that all the region “Christianity, Judaism, and Islam” believe that Abraham was the first prophet. The three religions are also known as Abrahamic regions.

Analyze historical relationships

From across the world, Jews settled in modern Israel where different sub-cultures were birthed and spread in different regions. However, Christianity was as a result of Judaism during the 1st century, and the early Christian leaders lived in the Middle East. There exist a variety of Christians in the Middle East who differs in customers, rituals, and leaders who control their faith. Although Christian came from Judaic texts, they don’t fallow the Jews traditions and law (Patrides, 2016). For instance, there are disagreements between Christians and Jewish communities, and in areas like Europe, Jewish communities were subject to violence and discrimination from Christians. In addition, Christians also have issues with Islam because there Prophet Muhammad is not accepted by Christian. In the 17th century, many Christian in the Middle East had converted to Islam. 

The second largest religion after Christianity is Islam. All three religion hold many beliefs and practices in common. To start with, they are all known as “Abrahamic religions” since they track their history to the covenant between God and Abraham according to the Hebrew Bible. Islam as a religion has a lot of contacts with its counterpart’s monotheistic faiths the whole of its history. In the Quran, it is apparent that there is only one true religion which is Islam. They understand that it is the only religion which was brought by a true prophet from God (Tripp, 2018). Moreover, they also believe that all religious values and beliefs that deviate from their faith are as a result of people’s inability to overcome their faults and sinful nature.

All the three religion has a different perception on the person of Jesus and the way of life. Islam is a strong monotheistic faith, same to Judaism. Contrary to Judaism, Islam and Christianity have a strong focus on the right way of living. The central Catholic branch is joined together extensively in key beliefs and display a strong Christian model. According to Islam, Christianity, and Judaism, Jesus was just a Prophet and nothing more, Jesus was holy, and Jesus was not a Prophet and in a way holy respectively. In addition, Judaism believes that Moses was a major Prophet and on the other hand contradicts the nature of Jesus. Islam also believes that Mohammad was the only true Prophet sent by God (Nasr, 2018). Though Muslims disagree with some information in the Bible, they perceive the Christian Bible as a document.

The nature of Jesus is a central figure in Christianity. Jesus Christ is believed to be the author of Christianity. The word Christ in Greek it means Savior or rather Messiah. There are many Christians who perceive Jesus as central to their faith since they view him as God according to the Holy Trinity “God the father, God the son and God the holy spirit.” Christian believe that Jesus Christ is the son of God which makes automatically makes him a God. According to the Quran, Jesus is described as a son of Mary or Messiah, son of Mary. Both Christianity and Islam agree on the fact that Jesus was born without sin and through a miraculous process by a Virgin Mary. On the other hand, Judaism does not believe that Jesus was a son of God or David (Deshen, 2018).

The belief on who to worship has brought a significant difference in the teaching conducted by these three religions. In regards to teachings, Christianity majors their teachings on beliefs of Jesus Christ, crucifixion and resurrection on the third day as recorded in the New Testament (Walls, 2015). Islam and Judaism deny these teachings and beliefs as they believe that not even one human being should be worshipped as God since God is one. Therefore, it is clear that Christians worship Jesus as a son of God, but Judaism and Islam contradict the worship of another God. Judaism majors on teaching that is tailored to the worship of one God and not humans or another part of deity.

Current relationships and the impact of globalization

There is no much change in the similarities and differences between the three religions in the current society. It is apparent that Christianity has maintained that Jesus Christ is the son of God while Islam and Judaism have maintained on the worship of one God. However, the change has been on the shifting number of followers converting from one religion to another. There have been instances where Christian convert to Islam and Muslims convert to Christianity. However, little has been said on either Christian or Muslim converting to Judaism. Therefore, it is apparent that the founded belief of these religions still stands to the present times.

Due to globalization, people have come to understand the world differently. Other than being a personal aspect, religion is significantly affected through shared ideas all over the world. Globalization has resulted in a lot of social changes in the world, but religion is not immune to the changes and their impact. For instance, people came from different regions carrying with them beliefs, values, and ideas. Religious notions and values are key to people’s culture also have an effect on the perception of people. Therefore as people interact, they get to learn and share more from one another. It is evident these have led to the current shifts between religions. 

On the other hand, technology through the internet and mass communication has helped in bringing people from various religion together compared to before. For instance, everyone can access and read any information from a different religion. Through this, some people get to learn more about a different religion, like the idea and belief and then make a decision to join the religion. In the past, it was challenging to learn and get to know about other religion, and so people were confined in ancestral beliefs and understanding. Therefore, globalization has played an important role in collecting followers of these three religions. It is because of globalization that Christians, Muslims, and Jews can sit together and share their views in the current society. Thus, the transformation regarding communication has been achieved through globalization.


It is apparent that all the religions are inter-linked in regards to their history, and beliefs. For instance, all the three religion believe that there is one God the ruler and creator of heaven and Earth. Christianity believe in one God though they also worship Jesus as the son of God. Islam on the other hand, believe that there is only one God known as Allah. Judaism also believes in one God. It is apparent that these beliefs destroyed the relationships between these religions which is currently being mended through globalization.


Deshen, S. (2018). Israeli Judaism: The sociology of religion in Israel. Routledge.

Goodman, M. (2018). A History of Judaism. Princeton University Press.

Nasr, S. H. (2018). The Islamic View of Christianity. KATHA, 4(1), 94-106.

Patrides, C. A. (2016). The grand design of God: the literary form of the Christian view of history. Routledge.

Tripp, C. (2018). Islam and the Secular Logic of the State in the Middle East. In Islamic Fundamentalism (pp. 51-69). Routledge.

Walls, A. F. (2015). Missionary Movement in Christian History: Studies in the Transmission of Faith. Orbis Books.