Health Information Technology

It is a wide concept that involves storing, sharing and evaluating healthcare information in a bid to foster quality care. Health information technology (HIT) is not only designed to aid healthcare professionals in enhancing patient care but also to assist patients to communicate with their doctors better, get and share their health information which enables them to take actions that advances their quality of life. In addition, some of the health information technology consists of EHR, PHI and e-prescribing. The health information technology has advanced the quality of care given to patients because it provides a platform for healthcare providers to consult with other health professionals resulting in an improved medical decision (Bates, 2015). For instance, the increased use of HIT has advanced sharing of information that has supported faster collaboration and access to information relevant for giving efficient healthcare.

The health information technology has advanced the level of privacy and security for personal health information through encryption of data. It is apparent that through this only the person authorized to access the information stored in the records. Besides, it has also advanced patient’s safety by decreasing the number of medical errors in healthcare. It has also impacted the traceability and transparency while taking care of patients allowing them to access the reports from the lab and share with the doctor about their condition. Moreover, the health information technology has also reduced the wait time and possible congestion in the healthcare centers because patients can schedule their visits through the use of e-scheduling tool Lee, J., (McCullough & Town, 2013). The technic allows both the patients and doctor to set an appropriate time for getting and giving the care respectively. 

References

Bates, D. W. (2015). Health information technology and care coordination: the next big opportunity for informatics?. Yearbook of medical informatics, 10(1), 11.

Lee, J., McCullough, J. S., & Town, R. J. (2013). The impact of health information technology on hospital productivity. The RAND Journal of Economics, 44(3), 545-568.

Responses

Hello Bryan,

I want to appreciate you for your contribution to health information technology discussion. First, your definition of HIT as any system that collects, stores, and organizes data was relevant and to the point. For instance, you managed to summarize the whole aspect of HIT as it assists in collecting, storing and organizing health records for purposes of achieving quality care.  In addition, it is true as you have stated in the discussion that all aspects of healthcare are impacted by health information technology. The current healthcare operates through the use of technology from collecting health information from patients, recording, and storing. The actual treatment of the patients depends on this information collected and stored to conduct the entire process. In a nutshell, I enjoyed reading through your discussion post on HIT.

Reference

Gray, B. H., Bowden, T., Johansen, I., & Koch, S. (2011). Electronic health records: an international perspective on” meaningful use”. Issue Brief (commonwealth fund), 28, 1-18.

Hello Roberts,

Thanks for your contribution in regards to health information technology and aspects of healthcare impacted by technology. To begin with, your definition of health information technologies was precise and to the point. I also agree to the fact that IT primary role is transporting, collecting, storing and examining data. According to the discussion post, HIT is a means through which medical data is transported throughout the healthcare industry for different reasons. Moreover, it is true that health information technologies influence nearly all aspects of healthcare in different forms. It is evident that HIT has had an impact on the overall quality of healthcare provision by creating a platform for sharing information (Bowens, Frye & Jones, 2010). For instance, it has helped in the management of biggest killers like heart disease and pneumonia. Thus, I want to say that it was interesting reading your post.

Reference

Bowens, F. M., Frye, P. A., & Jones, W. A. (2010). Health information technology: integration of clinical workflow into the meaningful use of electronic health records. Perspectives in Health Information Management/AHIMA, American Health Information Management Association, 7(Fall).

Discussion 2

Various challenges affect health information technology in the current society. Some of the challenges are like the breach of patient health information through hacking, costly installation, and maintenance, a slow pace of usage by most hospitals and strict government policies such as HIPAA and HITECH which has made various healthcare shun its adoption. To start with, Health information technology cybersecurity is a serious issue with millions of people across the nation already affected by breaches every year. Hacking is becoming a very serious concern because attacks can look down on health systems and hinder patients’ care (Jones et al., 2014). Through hacking, patients have lost a lot of relevant information important for their treatment due to lack of healthcare data.

Moreover, other than hacking, cost factor and strict policies there exist a variety of challenges affecting HIT. The shortage of health personnel who have the technological know-how to operate and maintain them is a problem for the health information technology (Bardhan & Thouin, 2013). In regards to this, a health organization which wants to adopt the technology must outsource HIT experts or train existing staff to operate the system. Moreover, various ethical issues around the use of health information technology have been a challenge. Most healthcare providers found it very challenging in considering the ethical issues attached to the use of HIT. For instance, a challenge that requires further discussion to avoid fall-out of information. Therefore, with various people acquiring knowledge and skills in relation relevant to information technology will encounter a big challenge of breach of privacy and security since the cases are on the rise globally.

References

Bardhan, I. R., & Thouin, M. F. (2013). Health information technology and its impact on the quality and cost of healthcare delivery. Decision Support Systems, 55(2), 438-449.

Jones, S. S., Rudin, R. S., Perry, T., & Shekelle, P. G. (2014). Health information technology: an updated systematic review with a focus on meaningful use. Annals of internal medicine, 160(1), 48-54.

Responses

Hello Roberts,

It was interesting reading through your post on evolving health information technology. According to you, the major challenge facing HIT both now and in the future is hyper-speed through which healthcare is and will continue to be digitalized. Thus, this has created a need for training the health professionals on how to operate and maintain the system. I agree with the fact that the current and future health professional students require more education and formal training in basic information technology. In addition, the National Academic of Medicine reinforces the aspect of preparing the workforce to handle the new technology. However, I want to record that your post was good though there was a need to display more challenges that affect the health information technology. For instance, there are challenges like the high cost of implementation, security breaches and strict policies from the government that affects HIT (Bardhan & Thouin, 2013). Anyway, I appreciate your contribution.

Reference

Bardhan, I. R., & Thouin, M. F. (2013). Health information technology and its impact on the quality and cost of healthcare delivery. Decision Support Systems, 55(2), 438-449.

Hello Clinita,

I want to thank you for your post on the challenges facing Health information technology. I agree with you that a major challenge HIT faces currently is making sure there are privacy and security of information. It is apparent that the threat to confidentiality and access to information can lead to a range of issues such as trust issues and physical patient harm. That said, it is also true that people do care a lot about their privacy hence the need to strengthen and maintain information privacy and security.  A constant challenge in the future will be the need to continually improve accuracy and timely information electronic records as you have stated (Heisey-Grove et al., 2014). Thus, I want to confess that the post was well arranged and to the point.

References

Heisey-Grove, D., Danehy, L. N., Consolazio, M., Lynch, K., & Mostashari, F. (2014). A national study of challenges to electronic health record adoption and meaningful use. Medical care, 52(2), 144-148.