Case study 1 Analysis

Introduction

Diagnosis is a task that requires adequate skills and knowledge of reading the signs of a particular disease as well as analyzing the possible cause. A study regarding matters to do with health is very much important. In this examination, both primary and secondary information could consist of medical and nursing references needed to aid in making a correct conclusion (Auerbach & Adamson, 2016). The deduction will be attained after evaluating the possible ailment that could be present based on the signs and symptoms of Ms. A. The diagnosis is guided by aspects such as on her age, health condition, daily tasks, stubborn conditions and various aspects contributing to the stubborn condition. It will be important to analyze the drugs she normally takes to salvage the condition. Therefore, through preliminary workup, and provided case, an accurate diagnosis will be reached.

To begin with the patient diagnosis, it is important to make it clear that as much as the primary data may finalize on a given diagnosis, there is a need for further investigation to determine the actual cause of symptoms. Based on the lab results of the patient, history, and symptoms, Ms. A could be suffering from iron deficiency as well as aplastic anemia due to persistent use aspirin. For instance, she has a hemoglobin of 8g/dl which is a sign of anemia. However, considering signs such as increased breadth shortness with exhaustion “menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea issue for 10-12 years, it can be said to be iron deficiency anemia (Camaschella, 2015). Iron is an element that is responsible for the production of hemoglobin which assists in the transportation of oxygen to various parts of the body. Therefore, its shortage results in breadth shortness, fatigue, coldness and tingling in extremists.  

The people who are prone to anemia are childbearing age, prolonged menstruation cycle, and consumption of more antacids. Ms. A is experiencing fatal symptoms such as low blood pressure, increased heart and respiratory rate which are the most known signs of hypervolemia. The symptoms can be linked to the frequent intake of aspirin. In regards to this, aspirin has been known to lead to different hemoglobin side effects consisting of aplastic anemia and excessive bleeding (Sanjai, 2018, December 1). For instance, when taking aspirin to manage her menstrual pain can put the patient at the risk of losing a lot of blood. Thus, it is important to look for a diagnosis of aplastic anemia or excessive use of aspirin. However, to confirm for aplastic anemia, there is a need to take the bone marrow samples together with aspirin levels in the blood for tests. A test is important to confirm the assumptions of a possible disease based on the signs.

Conclusion

Based on the test results, it is evident that the most probable kind of anemia that Ms. A is likely to suffer from is iron deficiency anemia which is linked with lack of iron. Due to this, the level of red blood cells in the blood resulting in less oxygen is available to the muscles. The patient will experience fatigue and breathlessness particularly during vigorous activities or when in areas of high altitude as in her case. The outcomes were attained after an extensive analysis was done with consideration to aspects such as her good health and youthful nature. Based on this information, Ms. A should be given medication to increase the level of blood. She also needs to stop using excessive aspirin and should opt for other medication during the menstrual period.

References

Auerbach, M., & Adamson, J. W. (2016). How we diagnose and treat iron deficiency anemia. American journal of hematology, 91(1), 31-38.

Camaschella, C. (2015). Iron-deficiency anemia. New England journal of medicine, 372(19), 1832-1843.

Sanjai Sinha (2018, December 1). Aspirin. Retrieved from www.drugs.com/aspirin.html