Quantitative experimental or quasi-experimental

1 Final Project Directions

The final project will be an analysis of a single Quantitative Experimental or Quasi Experimental designed research paper. Chapter 7 of your textbook explains what a Quantitative study is, its uses, and quantitative designs. The critique for the final project is due Monday of Week 6 at 11:55 pm central standard time. Review page 578 of your textbook to help you understand how to critique a research study.

TEXTBOOK

Schmidt, N. A. & Brown, J. M. (Eds.). (2019). Evidence-based practice for nurses: Appraisal and application of research (4th ed.)Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett

ISBN: 978-1-284-05330-2 (pbk)

Purpose

The purpose of doing an in-depth analysis of a Quantitative experimental or quasi-experimental designed research article is to help you put into practice the content of the course and to illustrate why the hierarchy of evidence is focused on systematic reviews. Further, your having done such a review gives you insight into the sort of thinking and questioning that arises when you are reading research articles. It may also stimulate the critical thinking that is required of the nursing scholar.

This will be your analysis and you are required to use critical thinking in analyzing your selected article. If you agree or disagree with the author, support your reasoning. If you find any component of the study lacking or in need of improvement, support your position. Support your position with scholarly resources.

Steps in the Process:

1. Refer to the Distance Learning Librarian link under the Learner Support banner on the homepage of the course to learn how to use the library and find the library databases.

2. See the assignment in week one on submitting a quantitative experimental or quasi-experimental study relevant to the practice of nursing.

3. Review the Table of Evidence in the Book of Materials for the Final Project under the FP: A Research Analysis banner. The table is a way to do a quick review of your articles. It may seem like extra work, but coming back cold to a research project can be inefficient and time consuming.

4. Follow the instructions for this assignment in week one

5. The Grading criteria, the Rubric, for the written project is found in week six.

6. Your paper is to be 5 – 10 pages not counting the title page and the reference page.

This activity is worth 30% of your total grade. You can expect individual feedback within 72-hrs from the closing of the assignment.

WEEK 1 – Instructions: Your Research Study Selection

In this assignment you will choose a study from the folder of selected studies and upload a Quantitative experimental or quasi-experimental designed research study. (I chose the article called A quasi-experimental study to test a prevention bundle for catheter-associated urinary tract infections, which is at the end of this document)

Review Experimental and Quasi-experimental studies in chapter 7, sections 7.1 and 7.2 of your textbook for definitions and specific types of experimental and quasi-experimental studies.

TESTBOOK:

Schmidt, N. A. & Brown, J. M. (Eds.). (2019). Evidence-based practice for nurses: Appraisal and application of research (4th ed.)Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett ISBN: 978-1-284-05330-2 (pbk)

Directions:

Select a nursing research study from the folder of studies and upload it in the assignment.

In the text box identify:

1. The study “Method” or “Design” (Chp 7)

2. Problem Statement (Chp3)

3. Purpose Statement (Chp3)

4. Independent Variable and the Dependent Variable (Chp3)

5. The intervention (Chp3)

6. The hypothesis or research question. (Chp3)

Analyzing a Research Article What & How

Choosing the Article
(Phase One)

  • Choose an article that has relevance for your practice.
  • Think of the problems of practice that plague you or your unit.
  • Review a series of articles on the topic.
  • Select the one or (ones) in which a problem such as yours was studied in research.
  • Decide whether you are interested in quantitative or qualitative research.
  • Decide whether you will review one or a series of similar articles.

Reading the Article
(Phase Two)

  • Read for the first time (honey moon phase)
    • Get an idea what the research was about.
    • How was the research done (methods)
    • What were the findings?
  • Read a second time (Critical Review)
    • Read critically: “Question everything” (Science Channel, 2011).
    • Find other articles on the same topic.
    • Compare and contrast the methods and findings.

Begin the Writing
(Phase three)

  • Fill in a table format that has columns for each part of a research project:
  • Authors/ Title
  • Introduction
    • Reason the research was undertaken
    • Importance of the study to Nursing and Health Care.
  • Theoretical perspective
    • Stated or inferred?
    • Where in the world of Nursing does this research fit?
  • Methods
    • Population/SampleAre the human subjects properly protected?
    • What is being tested?
    • Testing methods/instrumentation
    • Analytical methods: Statistics or Thematic analysis (Qualitative)
  • Findings
    • Data presentation: tables, charts, graphs
    • Clarity: meaning to Nursing practice.
  • Conclusions
    • Results based on the data collected and analyzed.
    • Do the researchers acknowledge the limitations of the research?
    • Do the conclusions go beyond the scope of the data presented?
    • Are the conclusions interpreted within the theoretical framework of the study?
    • Do the conclusions add to the science of Nursing?

Intervention, concept or Model?

Third Reading
Just how good was this research?

  • Read to be sure you interpreted correctly in phase 3 reading/Writing table.
  • Check your figures and facts in other articles
  • Check on the quality of the study (your book will help here).
  • Think about the quality of this work and its usefulness.
    • Could you use this in your practice?
    • Would you subject a patient to this intervention?
    • Would this fit in your agency?

Write up your findings
(Phase five)

  • Use standard English
  • Review the APA requirements.
    • Be sure you have cited the work of others correctly through out.
    • Recheck the reference list.
  • Review of the paper:
    • If possible submit the completed draft to Turnitin®
    • Ask Faculty advisor for editing of a draft
    • Make the final corrections and save a copy for each of the partners
  • Get the final product to the drop box on time.

HELPFUL INFORMATION!!! Framework for How to Read and Critique a Research Study

1. Critiquing the research article

a. Title – Does it accurately describe the article?

b. Abstract – Is it representative of the article?

c. Introduction – Does it make the purpose of the article clear?

d. Statement of the problem – Is the problem properly introduced?

e. Purpose of the study – Has the reason for conducting the research been explained?

f. Research question(s) – Is/are the research question(s) clearly defined and if not, should they be?

g. Theoretical framework – Is the theoretical framework described? If there is not a theoretical framework, should there be?

h. Literature review – Is the literature review relevant to the study, comprehensive, and include recent research? Does the literature review support the need for the study?

i. Methods – Is the design appropriate for the study? Does the sample fit with the research design and is the size sufficient? Was a data collection instrument needed? How were data collected? Were reliability and validity accounted for?

j. Analysis – Is the analytical approach consistent with the study questions and research design?

k. Results – Are the results presented clearly in the text, tables and figures? Are the statistics clearly explained?

l. Discussion – Are the results explained in relationship to the theoretical framework, research questions, and the significance to nursing?

m. Limitations – Are the limitations presented and their implications discussed?

n. Conclusion – Are there recommendations for nursing practice, future research, and policymakers?

2. Determine the level and quality of the evidence using a scale (several can be found in ANA’s Research Toolkit www.nursingworld.org/Research-Toolkit/Appraising-t… )

3. Decide if the study is applicable to your practice

a. Can you use the results and recommendations in your practice?

WEEK 6 – Grading Criteria for Final Project

CRITERIA POINTS

Introduction to the paper: 15

A. Succinct, informative and gains reader’s interest in the topic. (2)

B. Introduction is clear and logical and written in scholarly English (2)

C. Problem, Purpose are stated. Significance to the nursing profession is analyzed. (5)

D. Research questions and hypotheses are analyzed (2)

E. The IV and DV are clearly stated and analyzed (2)

F. A Theoretical or conceptual framework is presented (2)

Section Total

Review and critical analysis of literature on the topic 15

A. Literature review is analyzed for its value to the project. (4)

B. Organized and synthesized around topic or practice situation being studied. (3)

C. Indicates the need for the study and strength of evidence from previous research. (3)

D. Articles are relevant to the research, the theoretical/conceptual framework, and include predominantly primary sources. (5)

Section Total

Student’s Analysis and Discussion of the Research Report

Methods: Analysis of the research design for relevance to evidence for practice. 30

A. The research design is identified, analyzed, and assigned a level according to the hierarchy of evidence. (10)

B. The sampling methodology is identified and analyzed for adequacy of sample size for this research study. (5)

C. Internal and external validity are defined and analyzed. (5)

D. Analytical methods are correct for the type of research that was done; statistics are presented. (5)

E. The reliability of the study is defined and analyzed. (5)

Section Total

Results and Discussion 10

A. Findings are stated clearly and succinctly. (5)

B. Both significant and nonsignificant (coincidental) findings are presented and Explained (3)

C. Conclusions are presented and usefulness to nursing practice is discussed. (2)

Summary 10

A. Short review of the findings of the students’ analysis of the research. (2)

B. Discussion of importance of the evidence of this research to current nursing practice. (2)

C. Discussion of the importance of this evidence to the patient population. (2)

D. Discussion of how a professional nurse might use this evidence in personal practice. (2)

E. Is follow-up research needed to complete the evidence of nursing practice? (2)

Section Total

Student References 5

A. Appropriate, timely (five years or less, except for Secondary Sources) (3)

B. Primary sources (1)

C. All references are properly cited in the body the paper and the reference page is in APA format. (1)

Section Total

SCHOLARLY ELEMENTS 15

A. Correct Grammar, Spelling, and usage throughout. (5)

B. Correct APA format used throughout. (5)

C. Similarity score ?10%. Adheres to 5-10-page limit excluding the title and reference page. (5)

Section Total

Total Points